Paper of the month: Reconsidering terms for mechanisms of polymer growth: the “step-growth” and “chain-growth” dilemma

An international group of polymer scientists from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Subcommittee on Polymer Terminology (SPT) convey concerns with the basic terms typically used for classifying methods of polymer synthesis and initiate a dialogue with the broader polymer community to resolve terminology shortcomings.

In 1994 the IUPAC SPT highlighted long-standing problems with the widely used terms “step-growth polymerization” and “chain-growth polymerization,” which describe two discrete mechanisms of polymer growth, and depreciated their use since they do not describe the fundamental differences in the growth of polymers by these methods and are often confusing. To address this, the 1994 SPT members recommended the terms polycondensation and polyaddition for the two variants of “step-growth polymerization”, and similarly chain polymerization and condensative chain polymerization for the two variants of “chain-growth polymerization”. However, these terms have not been widely adopted by the community, and have also created confusion.

In this contribution, current IUPAC SPT members provide detailed descriptions of these two processes and outline concerns associated with the terms “step-growth,” “chain-growth,” and related terms. By discussing in detail the historical development of these terms and analyzing their use in current textbooks, the authors underline the lack of consensus in the terminology used within the polymer community. Interestingly, they demonstrate how the similarity of these terms leads to further confusion when translating into languages other than English. Finally, examples of polymerizations that cannot be classified under the umbrella of the existing definitions and have no designated terminology are discussed.

In 2019, IUPAC recognized the need to resolve these polymer terminology shortcomings and approved a project aimed to propose new terminologies. The authors, as members of the IUPAC SPT task group studying this issue, aim to clarify the naming of polymerisation processes and invite all members of the community to contribute by emailing to polymer.terminology@iupac.org.

Tips/comments directly from the authors:

  • We, the subcommittee of polymer nomenclature (SPT), want to raise attention to a long-standing dilemma in the terms that many of us use every day: “step-growth” and “chain-growth” polymerization.
  • A number of terms have been used over the past century to describe these two fundamental mechanisms of polymer growth, and many prominent polymer chemists have noted their shortcomings in textbooks.
  • We detail here the history of the terms, current usage in textbooks, and our specific concerns.
  • In particular, we invite feedback from the broader polymer community, including from students, lecturers, researchers, and anyone who uses polymer science regularly.

 

Reconsidering terms for mechanisms of polymer growth: the “step-growth” and “chain-growth” dilemma, Polym. Chem., 2022, 13, 2262-2270.

Link to the paper: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2022/py/d2py00086e

You can follow the authors on twitter: @IUPACPolymer

 

Dr. Kelly Velonia is an Advisory Board Member and a Web Writer for Polymer Chemistry. She joined the Department of Materials Science and Technology in 2007. Research in her group focuses on the synthesis and applications of bioconjugates and biopolymers.

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