Archive for the ‘Themed Collections’ Category

Modeling in Environmental Chemistry: Themed Issue

Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (ESPI) seeks your high-impact research for our upcoming Themed Issue on Modeling in Environmental Chemistry

Edited by ESPI Associate Editor Matthew MacLeod (Stockholm University) and Guest Editors Todd Gouin (TG Environmental Research) and Tom McKone (University of California), this issue will showcase original research, perspectives, and reviews, relating to the use of modeling strategies to understand environmental systems. The scope of this issue is broad, and includes but is not limited to the following topics:

  • Global modeling of pollutants
  • Environmental fate modeling
  • Bioaccumulation modeling
  • Exposure assessment
  • Modeling in regulatory risk assessments
  • Toxicokinetic/toxicodynamic modelling

The submission window for this Themed Issue closes at the end of October 2017 – if you would like to submit to this Themed Issue, please contact the ESPI Editorial Office at to register your interest.

Guest Editors: Left to Right – Matthew MacLeod (Stockholm University) Todd Gouin (TG Environmental Research) and Tom McKone (University of California)

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Emerging Investigator Series: Cora Young

We are delighted to be able to bring you the first in interview for our Emerging Investigators Series in Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts

Cora completed her undergraduate and doctoral studies in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Toronto. Under the supervision of Prof. Scott Mabury, her Ph.D. research focused on the atmospheric chemistry of polyfluorinated compounds and their role as long-lived greenhouse gases and sources of persistent compounds to the environment. She went on to a postdoctoral position in Boulder, CO with Dr. Steven Brown at the University of Colorado and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). There, she developed novel, state-of-the-science instruments and used them to measure reactive atmospheric trace gases and determine their impact on the oxidative potential of the atmosphere. Cora joined the Department of Chemistry at Memorial University as an Assistant Professor in September 2012.

Read her Emerging Investigators article “A 14-year depositional ice record of perfluoroalkyl substances in the High Arctic“, which is featured in Issue 1 of the journal, and find out more in the interview below:

Are you within 10 years of receiving your PhD? Do you have an independent research career? Then you could be eligible for our Emerging Investigator Series! find out more at

Your recent Emerging Investigator Series paper focuses on improving the understanding of transport of perfluoroalkyl substances in the High Arctic. How has your research evolved from your first article to this most recent article?

One of my first papers as a graduate student also involved looking at long-range transport of perfluoroalkyl substances to the Devon Ice Cap and was published ten years ago. As instrumentation improves and we develop better analytical methods, we are able to learn so much more about how pollutants impact our environment. We were able to look at four times as many chemical species as the original study, which greatly increases our understanding of the environmental fate of these compounds. We have also expanded our research network to include Northern community members and Arctic researchers with complementary expertise, which allows us to interpret and apply our results more effectively.

What aspect of your work are you most excited about at the moment?

We have some new environmental field and laboratory samples, including ice cores and biomass burning smoke samples, that I am excited to analyze using analytical techniques recently developed in my group.

In your opinion, what is the biggest impact to the environment presented by perfluoroalkyl substances?

Perfluorinated compounds have no natural degradation pathways in the environment. When we emit these chemicals to the environment, they will remain for the foreseeable future. We know that many perfluoroalkyl molecules bioaccumulate and could affect the health of humans or animals, which is cause for concern because there is no going back to an environment uncontaminated with these chemical species.

What do you find most challenging about your research?

I find field work simultaneously the most rewarding and the most difficult aspect of my research. Addressing environmental chemistry questions often means challenging collection of samples (such as those from ice caps) or the design and/or operation of complex instrumentation under harsh conditions.

In which upcoming conferences or events may our readers meet you?

Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition in Toronto, Ontario (June 2017) and Healthy Buildings Europe in Lublin, Poland (July 2017). I can also be found online at and on Twitter @SVOCora.

How do you spend your spare time?

I don’t have too much of it right now! When I do have free time, I enjoy travelling, walking, hiking, reading, and yoga.

Which profession would you choose if you were not a scientist?

It’s hard to imagine my life without science! If I wasn’t a scientist, I would want to do something that still involved science, like science communication or conservation management.

Can you share one piece of career-related advice or wisdom with other early career scientists?

Seek out a supportive career network of mentors, collaborators, and colleagues. I have been fortunate to have wonderful mentors from my doctoral and post-doctoral work, and throughout the environmental chemistry community. My excellent collaborators from other academic institutions, Environment Canada (who were collaborators on this project), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration improve the quality and impact of my research and make it more fun to do!

To find out more about the series and submit an article, click here.


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What are your colleagues reading in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts?

The articles below are some of the most read Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts articles in 2016. You can view the full collection of our top 10 downloaded articles here.


Assessment of the long-term impacts of PM10 and PM2.5 particles from construction works on surrounding areas
Farhad Azarmi, Prashant Kumar, Daniel Marsh and Gary Fuller


The dilemma in prioritizing chemicals for environmental analysis: known versus unknown hazards
Sobek Anna, Bejgarn Sofia, Rudén Christina and Breitholtz Magnus


Role of snow and cold environment in the fate and effects of nanoparticles and select organic pollutants from gasoline engine exhaust
Yevgen Nazarenko, Uday Kurien, Oleg Nepotchatykh, Rodrigo B. Rangel-Alvarado and Parisa A. Ariya


Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries
Timothy R. Julian


Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams
Iwona Zawierucha, Cezary Kozlowski and Grzegorz Malina


Keep up-to-date with the latest issues of Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts by joining our e-alerts.

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AIRMON 2014 Themed Collection

We are delighted to announce the publication of our latest themed issue dedicated to AIRMON 2014.

This themed collection gathers together reviews, primary research articles and communications from the 8th International Symposium on Modern Principles of Air Monitoring and Biomonitoring .

There is a growing need for air and biological monitoring within the preventive context of identifying health hazards at the workplace and in the environment and of keeping them under control. In recent years there has been continuous development in this field, and it is essential to promote knowledge of newly developed methods and strategies.
The symposium was an opportunity for an interchange of ideas among researchers, specialists in exposure assessment strategies and analytical air sampling methodologies, policy makers and practitioners in occupational health and environmental science. We are honoured to be the official Publisher for papers from AIRMON 2014 in Marseilles, France.


Introduction to papers published from the AIRMON symposium, Marseille, France, 15–19 June 2014
Peter Görner
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015, 17, 259-260
DOI: 10.1039/C5EM90004B


Development and field testing of a miniaturized sampling system for simultaneous sampling of vapours and droplets
Dietmar Breuer, George C. Dragan, Claudia Friedrich, Carsten Möhlmann and Ralf Zimmermann
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts
, 2015, 17, 278-287
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00602J

Influence of combined dust reducing carpet and compact air filtration unit on the indoor air quality of a classroom
Paul T. J. Scheepers, Jeroen J. de Hartog, Judith Reijnaerts, Gwendolyn Beckmann, Rob Anzion, Katrien Poels and Lode Godderis
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015, 17, 316-325
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00506F

A laboratory study of the performance of the handheld diffusion size classifier (DiSCmini) for various aerosols in the 15–400 nm range
S. Bau, B. Zimmermann, R. Payet and O. Witschger
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015, 17, 261-269
: 10.1039/C4EM00491D

An evaluation of the “GGP” personal samplers under semi-volatile aerosols: sampling losses and their implication on occupational risk assessment
George C. Dragan, Dietmar Breuer, Morten Blaskowitz, Erwin Karg, Jürgen Schnelle-Kreis, Jose M. Arteaga-Salas, Hermann Nordsieck and Ralf Zimmermann
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts
, 2015, 17, 270-277
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00468J

Measurement of organic and elemental carbon in downtown Rome and background area: physical behavior and chemical speciation
Pasquale Avino, Maurizio Manigrasso, Alberto Rosada and Alessandro Dodaro
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts
, 2015, 17, 300-315
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00471J

Evaluation of bioaerosol exposures during hospital bronchoscopy examinations
Jacques Lavoie, Geneviève Marchand, Yves Cloutier, Stéphane Hallé, Sylvie Nadeau, Caroline Duchaine and Gilbert Pichette
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2015, 17, 288-299
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00359D

We hope you enjoy reading this collection as much as we did!

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Themed Issue on Waste and Recycling

Are you currently doing research in the area of waste and recycling?

We are delighted to announce a themed issue dedicated to Waste and Recycling, which will be published in 2015 in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts.

Guest editor Hans Peter Arp, from the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, is encouraging submissions for a bold, special issue that will address a wide range of concerns related to how current changes in waste handling and management are impacting the environment at the global and local level.

Papers are solicited for all types of waste, waste management, recycling practices and pollution. The most important requirement is that the studies contribute to our understanding of the complex relationship between waste handling processes and resulting environmental impacts. Case studies from various international regions are particularly encouraged, to shed white light on the issues facing different societies, from zero waste municipalities to e-waste pollution havens.


Submission Deadline: 1st May 2015

We hope this special issue will be a trove of useful information for developing effective waste collection, sorting, transporting, landfilling, incineration and recycling strategies for a cleaner environment.

For more information on the scope of Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts and our author guidelines, please visit our website or email us at

We hope to receive a manuscript from you or your group soon!

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Chemistry in Climate Change

Here we present a collection of research papers, review articles, and themed collections published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, designed to answer a variety of questions related to the causes and impacts of climate change. From atmospheric chemistry to geochemical cycling and analytical techniques, this collection contains the latest research at the cutting edge.

“In the lead up to the UN climate change conference in Paris in late 2015, it is timely to consider the importance of chemistry in climate science,” comments Susan Solomon, advisory board member of Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, “This collection showcases the essential contributions of chemical science to understanding climate change.  As the world weighs mitigation and adaptation options, chemists will be part of the search for solutions.”

“The chemical sciences play a pivotal role in a sustainable and prosperous future” says Dominic Tildesley, President of the Royal Society of Chemistry “whether it’s developing new antibiotics to combat infection, converting waste to energy, or developing efficient solar energy cells, chemists are designing and applying tomorrow’s technologies.”

You can read all of these articles for free until 20 December 2014!  We truly hope you enjoy this collection.

Learn more about our work to support the chemical sciences community working on solutions in climate change, energy, food, health and water.

Nina Notman meets some of the atmospheric chemists fitting the pieces of the climate change jigsaw together – find out more in Education in Chemistry.

Relevant Themed Issues:

Analytical Methods themed collection on Emerging analytical methods for global energy and climate issues.

ChemSocRev themed issued on Atmospheric chemistry.

ChemComm web collection on CO2 separation, capture and reuse.

Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences collection on the Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2014 Assessment.

Faraday Discussions on Tropospheric Aerosol – Formation, Transformation and Impacts.

Reviews and Perspectives:

Global air quality and climate
Arlene M. Fiore, Vaishali Naik, Dominick V. Spracklen, Allison Steiner, Nadine Unger, Michael Prather, Dan Bergmann, Philip J. Cameron-Smith, Irene Cionni, William J. Collins, Stig Dalsøren, Veronika Eyring, Gerd A. Folberth, Paul Ginoux, Larry W. Horowitz, Béatrice Josse, Jean-François Lamarque, Ian A. MacKenzie, Tatsuya Nagashima, Fiona M. O’Connor, Mattia Righi, Steven T. Rumbold, Drew T. Shindell, Ragnhild B. Skeie, Kengo Sudo, Sophie Szopa, Toshihiko Takemura and Guang Zeng  
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6663-6683
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35095E, Critical Review
From themed collection Atmospheric chemistry

Air quality and climate – synergies and trade-offs
Erika von Schneidemesser and Paul S. Monks
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1315-1325
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00178D, Frontier
From themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: 2013 Review Articles

Chemical signals of past climate and environment from polar ice cores and firn air
Eric W. Wolff  
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6247-6258
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35227C, Tutorial Review
From themed collection Atmospheric chemistry

Climate change and adaptational impacts in coastal systems: the case of sea defences
Louise B. Firth, Nova Mieszkowska, Richard C. Thompson and Stephen J. Hawkins
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1665-1670
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00313B, Frontier
From themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: 2013 Review Articles

Particles, air quality, policy and health
Mathew R. Heal, Prashant Kumar and Roy M. Harrison  
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6606-6630
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35076A, Critical Review
From themed collection Atmospheric chemistry

Impact of a possible future global hydrogen economy on Arctic stratospheric ozone loss
Bärbel Vogel, Thomas Feck, Jens-Uwe Grooß and Martin Riese
Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 6445-6452
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03181G, Minireview

Productivity of aquatic primary producers under global climate change
Donat-P. Häder, Virginia E. Villafañe and E. Walter Helbling
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014,13, 1370-1392
DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50418B, Perspective

Ice nucleation by particles immersed in supercooled cloud droplets
B. J. Murray, D. O’Sullivan, J. D. Atkinson and M. E. Webb  
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6519-6554
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35200A, Critical Review
From themed collection Atmospheric chemistry Open Access

Ocean-atmosphere trace gas exchange
Lucy J. Carpenter, Stephen D. Archer and Rachael Beale  
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6473-6506
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35121H, Critical Review
From themed collection Atmospheric chemistry

The influence of glacial meltwater on alpine aquatic ecosystems: a review
Krista E. H. Slemmons, Jasmine E. Saros and Kevin Simon
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1794-1806
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00243H, Critical Review

Multiphase chemistry of atmospheric amines
Chong Qiu and Renyi Zhang
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 5738-5752
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP43446J, Perspective

Original research articles:

Exploring the potential influence of climate change and particulate organic carbon scenarios on the fate of neutral organic contaminants in the Arctic environment
James M. Armitage and Frank Wania
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 2263-2272
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00315A, Paper
From themed collection Open access articles from Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts

A reproducible method for the extraction, identification and quantification of the Arctic sea ice proxy IP25 from marine sediments
Simon T. Belt, Thomas A. Brown, Alba Navarro Rodriguez, Patricia Cabedo Sanz, Andrew Tonkin and Rebecca Ingle
Anal. Methods, 2012,4, 705-713
DOI: 10.1039/C2AY05728J, Paper

CO2 concentration and pH alters subsurface microbial ecology at reservoir temperature and pressure
Djuna M. Gulliver, Gregory V. Lowry and Kelvin B. Gregory
RSC Adv., 2014,4, 17443-17453
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA02139H, Paper

Changes in metal mobility associated with bark beetle-induced tree mortality
Kristin M. Mikkelson, Lindsay A. Bearup, Alexis K. Navarre-Sitchler, John E. McCray and Jonathan O. Sharp
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1318-1327
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00632H, Paper
From themed collection 2014 Emerging Investigators

Determination of spatial and temporal variability of pH and dissolved oxygen concentrations in a seasonally hypoxic semi-enclosed marine basin using continuous monitoring
Timothy Sullivan, Ciara Byrne, Luke Harman, John Davenport, Rob McAllen and Fiona Regan
Anal. Methods, 2014,6, 5489-5497
DOI: 10.1039/C3AY42162G, Paper
From themed collection Emerging analytical methods for global energy and climate issues

Temporal trends of selected POPs and the potential influence of climate variability in a Greenland ringed seal population
Frank Rigét, Katrin Vorkamp, Keith A. Hobson, Derek C. G. Muir and Rune Dietz
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1706-1716
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00189J, Paper

Heterogeneous and multiphase formation pathways of gypsum in the atmosphere
Qingxin Ma, Hong He, Yongchun Liu, Chang Liu and Vicki H. Grassian
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 19196-19204
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53424C, Paper

Volatile organic compounds in Arctic snow: concentrations and implications for atmospheric processes
Gregor Kos, Visahini Kanthasami, Nafissa Adechina and Parisa A. Ariya
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00410H, Paper

A simplified coulometric method for multi-sample measurements of total dissolved inorganic carbon concentration in marine waters
Natchanon Amornthammarong, Peter B. Ortner, James Hendee and Ryan Woosley
Analyst, 2014,139, 5263-5270
DOI: 10.1039/C4AN01049C, Paper

Full-color CO2 gas sensing by an inverse opal photonic hydrogel
Wei Hong, Yuan Chen, Xue Feng, Yang Yan, Xiaobin Hu, Binyuan Zhao, Fan Zhang, Di Zhang, Zhou Xu and Yijian Lai  
Chem. Commun., 2013,49, 8229-8231
DOI: 10.1039/C3CC44825H, Communication

Analysis of secondary organic aerosols in air using extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS)
Lambert A. Doezema, Teresa Longin, William Cody, Véronique Perraud, Matthew L. Dawson, Michael J. Ezell, John Greaves, Kathleen R. Johnson and Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts
RSC Adv., 2012,2, 2930-2938
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA00961G, Paper

The use of climatologies and Bayesian models to link observations to outcomes; an example from the Torres Strait
Scott Bainbridge and Ray Berkelmans
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1041-1049
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00675A, Paper

Gas–particle partitioning of atmospheric aerosols: interplay of physical state, non-ideal mixingand morphology
Manabu Shiraiwa, Andreas Zuend, Allan K. Bertram and John H. Seinfeld
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 11441-11453
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP51595H, Paper

Organic matrix effects on the formation of light-absorbing compounds from α-dicarbonyls in aqueous salt solution
Greg T. Drozd and V. Faye McNeill
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 741-747
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00579H, Paper
From themed collection Aquatic photochemistry

Three years (2008–2010) of measurements of atmospheric concentrations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) at Station Nord, North-East Greenland
Rossana Bossi, Carsten Ambelas Skjøthb and Henrik Skovac
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 2213-2219
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00304C, Paper

Optical classification of algae species with a glass lab-on-a-chip
Allison Schaap, Thomas Rohrlack and Yves Bellouard
Lab Chip, 2012,12, 1527-1532
DOI: 10.1039/C2LC21091F, Paper

Responses of Fraxinus excelsior L. seedlings to ambient ozone exposure in urban and mountain areas based on physiological characteristics and antioxidant activity
Petya Parvanova, Nikolina Tzvetkova, Svetla Bratanova-Doncheva, Nesho Chipev, Radka Fikova and Evgeni Donev
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1452-1458
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM30614C, Paper

Raman microspectroscopy and vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy as probes of the bulk and surface compositions of size-resolved sea spray aerosol particles
Andrew P. Ault, Defeng Zhao, Carlena J. Ebben, Michael J. Tauber, Franz M. Geiger, Kimberly A. Prather and Vicki H. Grassian
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 6206-6214
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP43899F, Paper

Modelling phosphorus loading and algal blooms in a Nordic agricultural catchment-lake system under changing land-use and climate
Raoul-Marie Couture, Koji Tominaga, Jostein Starrfelt, S. Jannicke Moe, Øyvind Kaste and Richard F. Wright
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1588-1599
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00630A, Paper
From themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 2014 HOT Articles

Organic aerosols and inorganic species from post-harvest agricultural-waste burning emissions over northern India: impact on mass absorption efficiency of elemental carbon
Prashant Rajput, M. M. Sarin, Deepti Sharma and Darshan Singh
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 2371-2379
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00307A, Paper

Theoretical investigation of vibrational relaxation of highly excited O3 in collisions with HO2
Lei Zhang, Pingya Luo, Ke Guo, Rong Zeng, Pedro J. S. B. Caridade and António J. C. Varandas
RSC Adv., 2014,4, 9866-9874
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45634J, Paper

Determining the unique refractive index properties of solid polystyrene aerosol using broadband Mie scattering from optically trapped beads
Stephanie H. Jones, Martin D. King and Andrew D. Ward
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 20735-20741
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP53498G, Paper

A method for determination of PGE–Re concentrations and Os isotopic compositions in environmental materials
Peipei Zhao, Jie Li, Lifeng Zhong, Shengling Sun and Jifeng Xu
Anal. Methods, 2014,6, 5537-5545
DOI: 10.1039/C3AY42064G
From themed collection Emerging analytical methods for global energy and climate issues

A compact comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) approach for the analysis of biogenic VOCs
Samuel J. Edwards, Alastair C. Lewis, Stephen J. Andrews, Richard T. Lidster, Jacqueline F. Hamilton and Christopher N. Rhodes
Anal. Methods, 2013,5, 141-150
DOI: 10.1039/C2AY25710F

Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes
Tran B. Nguyen, Alexander Laskin, Julia Laskin and Sergey A. Nizkorodov
Faraday Discuss., 2013,165, 473-494
DOI: 10.1039/C3FD00036B, Paper
From themed collection Tropospheric Aerosol – Formation, Transformation and Impacts

Carbon footprint of geopolymeric mortar: study of the contribution of the alkaline activating solution and assessment of an alternative route
A. Mellado, C. Catalán, N. Bouzón, M. V. Borrachero, J. M. Monzó and J. Payá
RSC Adv., 2014,4, 23846-23852
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA03375B, Paper

Energy demand and emissions of the non-energy sector
Vassilis Daioglou, Andre P. C. Faaij, Deger Saygin, Martin K. Patel, Birka Wicke and Detlef P. van Vuuren
Energy Environ. Sci., 2014,7, 482-498
DOI: 10.1039/C3EE42667J, Analysis

On the role of surface charges for homogeneous freezing of supercooled water microdroplets
Daniel Rzesanke, Jens Nadolny, Denis Duft, René Müller, Alexei Kiselev and Thomas Leisner
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 9359-9363
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP23653B, Paper
From themed collection Structure and reactivity of small particles: from clusters to aerosols

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Concerns over chemical treatment of reclaimed fracking fluid

The study analysed water samples from shale gas wells in Marcellus (Pennsylvania), Eagle Ford (Texas), and Barnett (New Mexico) © Michael J Mullen Scranton Times-Tribune/AP/Press Association Images

Estimates suggest that in the next 50 years, over one trillion gallons of water will be used in shale gas extraction but research from scientists in the US suggests that environmentally detrimental compounds are being created when this fluid is recycled.

Shale gas is found in rock formations kilometres underground. Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, facilitates the release of this energy dense fuel in a cost-effective and timely manner. Water, sand and a combination of other additives are pumped into the ground at high pressure, breaking the shale formations apart, allowing the gas to migrate to the surface where it can be collected.

To read the full article, please visit Chemistry World.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00376D, Paper

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Geoscience Themed Issue

We are delighted to announce the publication of Issue 9, Volume 16 of Environmental Science Processes & Impacts, which is a themed issue dedicated to Geoscience, guest edited by Yu-ping Chin from The Ohio State University.

Geology, and especially the field of geochemistry, has become inextricably linked to the environmental sciences, and has evolved over the past few decades to view earth in a much more holistic fashion. The papers in this themed collection reflect the diversity of research problems that face earth scientists studying environmentally relevant processes today. They range from the nano- to macro-scale and tackle problems that face organic and inorganic geochemists alike.

This collection features  a HOT Critical Review on the structural characterization of dissolved organic matter, by researchers from the USA, which received particularly high scored during peer review.

Click here to view the full geoscience themed issue – we hope you enjoy the collection

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Macronutrient Cycles Themed Issue

Macronutrient Cycles Guest edited by the directorate of the NERC Macronutrient Cycles Programme, Professor Paul Whitehead (Director) and Dr Jill Crossman (Assistant Director), this themed issue focuses upon the key macronutrient cycles linking nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon. Disturbance of the interactions, or cycles, of these macronutrients has had significant environmental and economic implications including soil nutrient enrichment, eutrophication of surface waters, reduced air quality, and loss of drinking water quality. These issues pose a threat not just to biodiversity, but also to public water supplies and public health.

Within this themed issue are four HOT research papers, which received particularly high scores during peer review – click on the links to download the articles:

1. Carly Stevens and colleagues describe a nitrogen footprint tool for the UK, demonstrating that the UK footprint is smaller than that found in the USA but higher than that for the Netherlands and Germany.

2. Researchers from Lancaster University investigate cattle in-stream activity in order to further our understanding of cattle contribution to sediment load.

3. Researchers from Norway and Canada model phosphorus loading and algal blooms in an agricultural catchment-lake system under changing land-use and climate.

4. Our fourth HOT article  focuses on phosphorus transport and assessment using a semi-distributed catchment model.

Click here to view the full macronutrient cycles themed issue – we hope you enjoy the collection

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2014 Emerging Investigators Issue

Emerging Investigators Guest Editors David Cwiertny, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit and Hee-Deung Park introduce the third edition of our emerging investigators issue.

Celebrating the best and brightest amongst early career environmental scientists around the world, this collection of reviews and papers demonstrates the talent, innovation and creative ideas that new researchers can bring.  Read the profiles of the contributors to find out more about our young scientists, including their research objectives, inspirations and what environmental challenges they believe the future holds.

We have made the following HOT articles free* to access for a limited time only! We hope you enjoy reading this collection as much as we did.

Critical Reviews:

B. D. Shoener, I. M. Bradley, R. D. Cusick and J. S. Guest
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00711A

Critical Review of electrochemical advanced oxidation processes for water treatment application

Brian P. Chaplin
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00679D

impacts of UV protections on bacterial survival

HOT Paper:

Association of nuisance filamentous algae Cladophora spp. with E. coli and Salmonella in public beach waters: impacts of UV protection on bacterial survival

Aubrey Beckinghausen, Alexia Martinez, David Blersch and Berat Z. Haznedaroglu
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00659J

For the full collection, visit our 2014 Emerging Investigators Themed Issue platform.

*Access is free through a registered RSC account – click here to register

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