Macronutrient Cycles Themed Issue

Macronutrient Cycles Guest edited by the directorate of the NERC Macronutrient Cycles Programme, Professor Paul Whitehead (Director) and Dr Jill Crossman (Assistant Director), this themed issue focuses upon the key macronutrient cycles linking nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon. Disturbance of the interactions, or cycles, of these macronutrients has had significant environmental and economic implications including soil nutrient enrichment, eutrophication of surface waters, reduced air quality, and loss of drinking water quality. These issues pose a threat not just to biodiversity, but also to public water supplies and public health.

Within this themed issue are four HOT research papers, which received particularly high scores during peer review – click on the links to download the articles:

1. Carly Stevens and colleagues describe a nitrogen footprint tool for the UK, demonstrating that the UK footprint is smaller than that found in the USA but higher than that for the Netherlands and Germany.

2. Researchers from Lancaster University investigate cattle in-stream activity in order to further our understanding of cattle contribution to sediment load.

3. Researchers from Norway and Canada model phosphorus loading and algal blooms in an agricultural catchment-lake system under changing land-use and climate.

4. Our fourth HOT article  focuses on phosphorus transport and assessment using a semi-distributed catchment model.

Click here to view the full macronutrient cycles themed issue – we hope you enjoy the collection

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Free access to HOT articles

This HOT article was recommended by our referees and is free to access for 4 weeks*

Caffeine as an indicator of estrogenic activity in source water
C. C. Montagner, G. A. Umbuzeiro, C. Pasquini and W. F. Jardim  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1866-1869
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00058G, Communication

Graphical abstract: Caffeine as an indicator of estrogenic activity in source water

*Free access to individuals is provided through an RSC Publishing personal account. It’s quick, easy and more importantly – free – to register!

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Introducing Editorial Board Member Yngvar Thomassen

The fouth of our Introducing series of blog posts features Editorial Board member Professor Yngvar Thomassen – we’re very pleased to welcome him to the board and post his profile and research vision:

Yngvar Thomassen

Yngvar is currently a Research Director for the Department of Chemical and Biological Work Environment at the National Institute of Occupational Health in Oslo – where he has spent 35 years of his professional life. After graduating from the Department of Analytical Chemistry at the University of Oslo in 1973, Yngvar spent a year at the Norwegian Defence Institute before taking a post research associate position, back at the University of Oslo.In 1978 he worked for the Department of Environmental Studies and Geology at the University of Toronto as a visiting scientist. He has since been appointed as a Professor in Environmental chemistry, Department of Plant and Environmental Science, at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences.

MY RESEARCH VISION:

My passion for research and teaching derives from my quest for social and environmental interest. This has inspired me throughout my professional life as an analytical chemist. From occupational and personal use of products to nutritional intake people are exposed to a variety of chemical agents – many essential or non-essential compounds with the potential to affect our health. Analytical science has been and is an important instrument in chemical exposure science which strives to collect and analyse qualitative and quantitative information which is needed to understand the nature of contact between people and chemical stressors. There are a continuous demand for exposure science information to meet the need to understand the fate of stressors and to establish exposure data, not only for the existing chemical agents, but also for the thousands of  new chemicals introduced into the marked each year.

Although analytical science has brought about a recent revolution in exposure characterization and dose assessment, now even able to reach the nanoscopic domain and fundamental limits of atom or molecule detection, these developments need to be further integrated into more portable and direct reading instruments for biological and environmental monitoring for faster identification of chemical stressors affecting our health. Of special importance is further improvement of ambient, indoor and work-room air qualities since airborne contaminants still seriously affects the health of workers and the global population at large. In order to achieve this,  an expanded integrated vision in exposure science which consider exposures from source to dose, over time and space, as well as multiple stressors are required. Thus, the society should give priority to

a) educate the next generation of analytical and exposure scientists

b) further develop new and improve existing instrumentation

c) stimulate to strategic collaboration across scientific boarders

d) develop prevention and intervention strategies to reduce any related health problems

e) improve quality of exposure data collected and make them available to help set priorities and inform policy

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Free access to HOT articles

These HOT articles were recommended by our referees and are free to access for 4 weeks*

Unconventional oil and gas extraction and animal health
M. Bamberger and R. E. Oswald  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00150H

Graphical abstract: Unconventional oil and gas extraction and animal health

Assessing the performance of standard methods to predict the standard uncertainty of air quality data having incomplete time coverage
Richard J. C. Brown, Peter M. Harris and Maurice G. Cox  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00189C

Graphical abstract: Assessing the performance of standard methods to predict the standard uncertainty of air quality data having incomplete time coverage

*Free access to individuals is provided through an RSC Publishing personal account. It’s quick, easy and more importantly – free – to register!

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2014 Emerging Investigators Issue

Emerging Investigators Guest Editors David Cwiertny, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit and Hee-Deung Park introduce the third edition of our emerging investigators issue.

Celebrating the best and brightest amongst early career environmental scientists around the world, this collection of reviews and papers demonstrates the talent, innovation and creative ideas that new researchers can bring.  Read the profiles of the contributors to find out more about our young scientists, including their research objectives, inspirations and what environmental challenges they believe the future holds.

We have made the following HOT articles free* to access for a limited time only! We hope you enjoy reading this collection as much as we did.

Critical Reviews:

B. D. Shoener, I. M. Bradley, R. D. Cusick and J. S. Guest
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00711A

Critical Review of electrochemical advanced oxidation processes for water treatment application

Brian P. Chaplin
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00679D


impacts of UV protections on bacterial survival

HOT Paper:

Association of nuisance filamentous algae Cladophora spp. with E. coli and Salmonella in public beach waters: impacts of UV protection on bacterial survival

Aubrey Beckinghausen, Alexia Martinez, David Blersch and Berat Z. Haznedaroglu
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00659J

For the full collection, visit our 2014 Emerging Investigators Themed Issue platform.

*Access is free through a registered RSC account – click here to register

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Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts

ESPI Themed IssueESPI Board NewsRecent ES:PI& Articles

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Free access to HOT Articles

These HOT articles were recommended by our referees and are free to access for 4 weeks*

Towards energy neutral wastewater treatment: methodology and state of the art
Han Gao, Yaniv D. Scherson and George F. Wells  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1223-1246
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00069B

Graphical abstract: Towards energy neutral wastewater treatment: methodology and state of the art

Primary and secondary organics in the tropical Amazonian rainforest aerosols: chiral analysis of 2-methyltetraols
N. J. D. González, A.-K. Borg-Karlson, P. Artaxo, A. Guenther, R. Krejci, B. Nozière and K. Noone  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1413-1421
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00102H

Graphical abstract: Primary and secondary organics in the tropical Amazonian rainforest aerosols: chiral analysis of 2-methyltetraols

An examination of traditional foods and cigarette smoking as cadmium sources among the nine First Nations of Eeyou Istchee, northern Quebec, Canada
Nadia A. Charania, Leonard J. S. Tsuji, Ian D. Martin, Eric N. Liberda, Suzanne Coté, Pierre Ayotte, Eric Dewailly and Evert Nieboer  
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 1422-1433
DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00064A

Graphical abstract: An examination of traditional foods and cigarette smoking as cadmium sources among the nine First Nations of Eeyou Istchee, northern Quebec, Canada

*Free access to individuals is provided through an RSC Publishing personal account. It’s quick, easy and more importantly – free – to register!

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Aquatic Photochemistry Themed Issue

Issue 4 of Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts was a themed issue of Aquatic Photochemistry

The field of aquatic photochemistry is diverse and strong, therefore our Editorial Board member, Kristopher McNeill presents a themed issue covering a range of topics and sub-disciplines within environmental science, representing current aquatic photochemical research.

Kristopher found the process of guest editing the aquatic photochemistry themed issue rewarding. ‘From the very start, I had an enthusiastic response to my call for papers and, when looking at the collection in its final form, I was extremely happy with the quality and breadth of the science that it reflected’ he says.

‘I was especially happy with the contributions of the young investigators; from whom I am sure we will be seeing a lot more in the future.’ Kristopher selected 2 critical reviews and a paper by young investigators who contributed to this collection and for a limited time only, these articles are free* to access. Click the following links to download the full articles.

Critical Reviews:

Photo-transformation of pharmaceutically active compounds in the aqueous environment: a review
Shuwen Yan and Weihua Song
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00502J

The role of indirect photochemical degradation in the environmental fate of pesticides: a review
Christina K. Remucal
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00549F

Paper:

Photometric hydroxyl radical scavenging analysis of standard natural organic matter isolates
J. E. Donham, E. J. Rosenfeldt and K. R. Wigginton
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00663H

Kristopher’s research paper on photochemically produced hydroxyl radical in artic surface water was included in this collection. We would like to thank him for guest editing this exciting issue; his paper will be free* to access until Friday 20th June 2014.

Evidence for dissolved organic matter as the primary source and sink of photochemically produced hydroxyl radical in arctic surface waters
Sarah E. Page, J. Robert Logan, Rose M. Cory and Kristopher McNeill
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00596H

*Access is free until 20.06.14 through a registered RSC account – click here to register

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Passive Sampling Themed Issue

Issue 3 of Environmental Science: Process & Impacts was a themed issue dedicated to passive sampling

Philipp Mayer, Frank Wania and Charles S. Wong introduce an ESPI themed issue on passive sampling.

This themed collection showcases some of the latest developments in passive sampling research – which has now progressed well beyond measuring aqueous concentrations of legacy contaminants. The contributions in this collection contain a wide range of different passive sampling approaches which were applied to water, air, soil vapours, sediments and even fish tissue. Improved sampler designs and materials are being developed and tested, contributing to the increasing popularity of passive sampling. The apparent simplicity of passive sampling is at the core of its true potential and betrays a wealth of opportunity for future research and monitoring.

To celebrate this collection, the following articles are free* to access – for a limited time only!

Passive sampling systems for ambient air mercury measurements

A review of passive sampling systems for ambient air mercury measurements
Jiaoyan Huang, Seth N. Lyman, Jelena Stamenkovic Hartman and Mae Sexauer Gustin
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00501A

Application of passive sampling methods for measurement of Hg concentrations and deposition is useful for understanding source and trends.

Evaluation of DGTEvaluation of DGT as a long-term water quality monitoring tool in natural waters; uranium as a case study
Geraldine S. C. Turner, Graham A. Mills, Michael J. Bowes, Jonathan L. Burnett, Sean Amos and Gary R. Fones
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00574G

DGT can be used as a long-term water quality environmental monitoring tool.

Low density polyethylene passive samplers

Field calibration of low density polyethylene passive samplers for gaseous POPs
Mohammed A. Khairy and Rainer Lohmann
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00493G

A field calibration study of low density polyethylene for measuring atmospheric concentrations of persistent organic pollutants was performed in East Providence (RI) USA.

*Access is free until 13.06.14 through a registered RSC account – click here to register

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Top ten most accessed ES:P&I articles in Q1 2014

This month sees the following articles in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts that are in the top ten most accessed January – March:-

Human exposure to aluminium 
Christopher Exley 
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1807-1816
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00374D  
  
A review with recent advancements on bioremediation-based abolition of heavy metals 
Nisha Gaur, Gagan Flora, Mahavir Yadav and Archana Tiwari    
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 180-193
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00491K  
  
Iron nanoparticles for environmental clean-up: recent developments and future outlook 
Weile Yan, Hsing-Lung Lien, Bruce E. Koel and Wei-xian Zhang    
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 63-77
DOI: 10.1039/C2EM30691C  
  
The role of indirect photochemical degradation in the environmental fate of pesticides: a review 
Dr Christina Keenan Remucal 
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2014,16, 628-653
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00549F  
  
Temporal trend studies on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in ringed seals from East Greenland 
Frank Rigét, Katrin Vorkamp, Rune Dietz and Suresh C. Rastogi    
J. Environ. Monit., 2006,8, 1000-1005
DOI: 10.1039/B609522D  
 
Identification of polymer types and additives in marine microplastic particles using pyrolysis-GC/MS and scanning electron microscopy 
Elke Fries, Jens H. Dekiff, Jana Willmeyer, Marie-Theres Nuelle, Martin Ebert and Dominique Remy    
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 1949-1956
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00214D  
  
Quantitation of persistent organic pollutants adsorbed on plastic debris from the Northern Pacific Gyre’s “eastern garbage patch” 
Lorena M. Rios, Patrick R. Jones, Charles Moore and Urja V. Narayan    
J. Environ. Monit., 2010,12, 2226-2236
DOI: 10.1039/C0EM00239A  
 
Planning for sustainability in China’s urban development: Status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project 
Hefa Cheng and Yuanan Hu    
J. Environ. Monit., 2010,12, 119-126
DOI: 10.1039/B911473D  
 
Impact of metallic and metal oxide nanoparticles on wastewater treatment and anaerobic digestion 
Yu Yang, Chiqian Zhang and Zhiqiang Hu    
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 39-48
DOI: 10.1039/C2EM30655G  
 
Silver nanoparticles in the environment 
Su-juan Yu, Yong-guang Yin and Jing-fu Liu    
Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013,15, 78-92
DOI: 10.1039/C2EM30595J  

Why not take a look at the articles today and blog your thoughts and comments below.

Fancy submitting an article to Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts? Then why not submit to us today or alternatively email us your suggestions.

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