The group outline the important environmental contaminants to be considered, including particulate waste and treatment products. As most fish farms are located on rocky coasts, the authors highlight the need for tools that are not affected by strong hydrodynamics and a lack of sediment. The review evaluates the suitability of various experimental and analytical procedures that can be used to evaluate the contamination, possible trophic and toxic effects, and changes to the ecological integrity.
Designing an integrated environmental monitoring plan for land-based marine fish farms located at exposed and hard bottom coastal areas
C. Carballeira, J. Ramos-Gómez, M. L. Martín-Díaz, T. A. DelValls and A. Carballeira