Carbohydrate microarrays have become an important tool for studying glycan-cell interactions, carbohydrate-binding proteins, and in detecting dangerous pathogens. The current sensor methods require complex labeling or indirect analyte detection.
Using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR), Sabine Szunerits and coworkers at Lille 1 University detected carbohydrate-binding protein complexes directly and without labels. In order to use SPR, they developed a unique substrate of Ti, Au, and silicon dioxide and tested two carbohydrate surface attachment chemistries. The azide-functionalized surfaces were linked to a glycan using a copper “click” chemistry or photocoupling. Both methods showed comparable binding efficiency and sensitivity of the carbohydrate binding protein.
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Comparison of photo- and Cu(I)-catalyzed “click” chemistries for the formation of carbohydrate SPR interfaces
Nazek Maalouli, Alexandre Barras, Aloysius Siriwardena, Mohamed Bouazaoui, Rabah Boukherroub and Sabine Szunerits
Analyst, 2013, Advance Article