Author Archive

ISXB-3 and the IUPAC Workshop on Group 14-16 Interactions

This month saw the occasion of the 3rd International Symposium on Halogen Bonding, held in Greenville, South Carolina and chaired by Professor Bill Pennington (Clemson University). The event was a huge success, attracting over 90 participants from 21 countries, who came to discuss the latest developments in this exciting field of crystal engineering. Covering topics ranging from fundamentals like the refinement of the σ- and π-hole model to applications in fields such as pharmaceuticals, catalysis, and functional materials, the discussions were broad and vibrant – in part due to a strong showing of early career researchers. Three such promising academics presented in a special Rising Stars session, which CrystEngComm was pleased to support.  

Presenting in this session was (pictured, left-to-right) Rafael Nunes of the University of Lisbon, Professor Davita L. Watkins of the University of Mississippi, and Dr Filip Topic of McGill University, they each received discounted registration and a personal invitation to submit to CrystEngComm.

Immediately prior to the symposium was a satellite workshop on the IUPAC project to characterize chalcogen, pnictogen, and tetrel bonds – analogous interactions in which Group 14-16 element act as the electrophilic sites. Organized and Chaired by Professor Giuseppe Resnati (Politecnico Milano), the workshop featured a lively poster session and the RSC provided awards for two of the researchers presenting their work. The CrystEngComm prize went to Patrick Wonner of Ruhr-University-Bochum for his poster entitled “Carbon-halogen Bond Activation by Selenium-Based Chalcogen Bonding“, while the NJC prize went to Asia Marie Riel of Université de Rennes for her poster entitled “Isolated and Expanded Chalcogen Bond Halide Networks” (both pictured below).

Left-to-Right: Giuseppe Resnati (Chair of IUPAC Workshop), Khadijatul Kobra (winner of AICIng poster prize), Patrick M.J. Szell (winner of ACS poster prize), Asia Marie Riel (winner of RSC NJC poster prize), Patrick Wonner (winner of RSC CrystEngComm poster prize), Alex Elmi (winner of Springer poster prize), and Bill Pennington (Chair of ISXB-3). 

CrystEngComm offers a huge congratulations to all Rising Stars and poster prize winners!

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Crystalline Materials for Environmental Remediation Web Collection

The capability of the natural environment to absorb the waste products of human enterprise and industry is being put under great strain by the growth in the world’s population and economy. Environmental remediation – the decontamination of soil, air, and water – and waste stream treatment are of the highest priority.

From carbon dioxide capture by MOFs and other porous materials, to the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants by crystalline nanomaterials, our new post-publication collection showcases recent work that demonstrates how Crystal Engineering is being applied to solve one of humanity’s most pressing challenges.

Here are a selection of the articles and ‘Highlight’ reviews included in the collection:

 

Articles

 

A novel methoxy-decorated metal–organic framework exhibiting high acetylene and carbon dioxide storage capacities

 

CrystEngComm, 2017,19

1464-1469

10.1039/C6CE02291J

A new microporous metal–organic framework with optimized pore space and open metal sites has been realized, exhibiting high acetylene and carbon dioxide storage capacities.

Capture of volatile iodine by newly prepared and characterized non-porous [CuI]n-based coordination polymers

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 6116-6126

10.1039/C7CE01193H

Four new non-porous copper(I) iodide coordination polymers have been synthesized and demonstrate volatile iodine capture with simultaneous fluorescence quenching.

 

 

Luminescent sensing and photocatalytic degradation properties of an uncommon (4,5,5)-connected 3D MOF based on 3,5-di(3′,5′-dicarboxylphenyl)benzoic acid

  

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4368-4377 

10.1039/C7CE01012E

An uncommon microporous MOF 1 used as fluorescent chemosensor for NACs and as photocatalyst.

 

 

 

Highlights

 

Metal–organic frameworks with Lewis acidity: synthesis, characterization, and catalytic applications

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4066-4081 

10.1039/C6CE02660E

In this highlight, we review the recent development in the design and synthesis of metal–organic frameworks with Lewis acidity, the characterization techniques of Lewis acid sites, and their applications in heterogeneous catalysis.

 

Hierarchically structured magnesium based oxides: synthesis strategies and applications in organic pollutant remediation

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 6913-6926

10.1039/C7CE01755C

In this highlight, we review the design and formation of MgO based hierarchical structures and cover some selected examples on their applications in adsorption of organic contaminants.

 

Hollow CuxO (x = 2, 1) micro/nanostructures: synthesis, fundamental properties and applications

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 6225-6251 

10.1039/C7CE01530E

In this review, we comprehensively summarize the important advances in hollow CuxO micro/nanostructures, including the universal synthesis strategies, the interfacial Cu–O atomic structures as well as the intrinsic properties, and potential applications. Remarks on emerging issues and promising research directions are also discussed.

 

 

See the full collection here.

 

Submit your research or reviews on crystal engineering of materials for environmental applications to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types or find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Announcing the new Chair of the CrystEngComm Editorial Board: Pierangelo Metrangolo!

We are excited to announce that Pierangelo Metrangolo (Politecnico di Milano) has been appointed as the new Chair of the CrystEngComm Editorial Board!

Pierangelo Metrangolo has been a full professor at Politecnico di Milano since 2011 and a Visiting Professor at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland since 2011 and Aalto University, Finland, since 2015. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed studies, contributed 9 book chapters, and holds 11 patents. He has been awarded the “G. Ciamician” medal of the Division of Organic Chemistry of the Italian Chemical Society (2005) and the Journals Grant Award of the Royal Society of Chemistry (2005).

His research interests include supramolecular chemistry, halogen bonding, fluorine chemistry, and bio-nanomaterials. He is currently a Titular Member of the Physical and Biophysical Chemistry Division of the IUPAC and Since 2013 he has been the holder of an European Research Council grant for the project “FOLDHALO – Folding with Halogen Bonding”.     

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When asked about the future of the crystal engineering field and the role of CrystEngComm, Pierangelo had this to say:

“The field of crystal engineering has rapidly evolved from the basic understanding and use of noncovalent interactions in the context of crystal packing, towards engineering the properties of new crystalline materials. The impact of such an approach onto various emerging fields has immediately become apparent. Engineered crystalline materials are now used in photovoltaics, catalysis, separations, biomass valorization, nanomedicine, among others. This is where the new generations of crystal engineers should aim at, and CrystEngComm as one of the leading journals in the field is ready to host all the latest developments.”

Pierangelo has been an Editorial Board member of CrystEngComm since 2013 and we’re delighted he has agreed to become our new Chair! He takes over from Professor Leonard MacGillivray, who has led the journal since 2011 and will continue with the journal as an Advisory Board member. We would like to thank Professor MacGillivray for his work on the journal and welcome Pierangelo as our new Chair!

 

Editor’s Choice: Read some of Pierangelo Metrangolo’s selections of CrystEngComm articles

Here are some of Pierangelo’s choices of great articles and reviews that CrystEngComm has published recently and his thoughts on the impact that they are having on the community. All articles listed here are free to read for a limited time. 

 

Oxidation of magnetite nanoparticles: impact on surface and crystal properties

Article Type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/c6ce02421a
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 246-255

Oxidation of magnetite nanoparticles is dependent on Fe2+ ions migrating from core to surface and influences interactions with the environment.

 

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, i.e., magnetite (Fe3O4) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3), are industrially used as adsorbents in separation processes, enzyme immobilization, biomedicine, and catalysis, among other applications. However, the synthetic conditions but also the environment where the particles are used, greatly limit their practical application due to their sensitivity to oxygen, which may alter both their distinct magnetic properties and particle size. Berensmeier and co-workers have thoroughly investigated the oxidation of magnetite nanoparticles under mild and harsh oxidation conditions. They demonstrated that the charge and surface reactivity can be affected by the different oxidation methods and the irreversible adsorption of acid molecules.”

 

Full-spectra hyperfluorescence cesium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals obtained by efficient halogen anion exchange using zinc halogenide salts

Article Type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/c6ce02314b
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1165-1171

Anion-exchange in CsPbBr3 nanocrystals using zinc halogenide salts could spread their emission spectra covering the whole visible spectral region.

 

Colloidal halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) are intensively studied for their excellent optical and opto-electronic properties. In particular, CsPbX3 NCs are excellent materials for next generation solar cells and LEDs. Importantly, changing halide combinations may result in NC photoluminescence (PL) fine tuning over the entire visible spectral region. Jiang and co-workers have discovered that zinc halogenide (ZnX2) is a very convenient halide source for anion exchange. The exchange proceeds at room temperature within seconds (for Br to I) and tens of seconds (for Br to Cl) and allow to extend the NC PL spectra to the near-violet region and the red region. Their results represent a further step towards CsPbX3 NCs commercialization.”

 

MOF catalysts in biomass upgrading towards value-added fine chemicals

Article Type: Highlight
DOI: 10.1039/c6ce01782g
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 4092-4117

The development of new synthetic routes from biomass sources towards already existing molecules, which are then called bio-based molecules, or the transformation of biomass into new building blocks and materials will be of great impact. This review presents a critical comparison between MOFs and other catalysts (e.g. zeolites) for biomass transformation.

Upgrading biomass into fuel and fine chemicals may reduce the dependence on fossil fuels. Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) were introduced as catalysts for biomass valorization only about five years ago, as efficient alternative to zeolites. Janiak and coworkers have reported a critical comparison between MOFs and zeolites for biomass transformation and valorization to platform chemicals. It was shown that MOFs may display a similar or better activity in selected reactions than heterogeneous catalysts such as zeolites or metal oxides. In particular, their high synthetic and structural tunability especially distinguish MOFs from zeolites and metal oxides and are worthy of further development to enable new catalytic pathways to sustainable fine chemicals.”

 

Modular assembly of porous organic cage crystals: isoreticular quasiracemates and ternary co-crystal

Article Type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/c7ce00783c
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 4933-4941

Co-crystallisation of helically chiral porous organic cage molecules has enabled the formation of isoreticular quasiracemates and a rare porous organic ternary co-crystal.

Porous organic cages are shape persistent molecules with intrinsic cavities that accommodate guest molecules. The accessibility of the cavity is dictated by the dimensions of the cage window, but also determined by how the cages pack in the solid state. Therefore, not only the chemical structure of the cage but also their crystal packing may determine their function. Cooper and co-workers have described a general strategy for controlling cage to cage co-crystal assembly using chiral recognition. They were also able to  prepare a rare ternary cage co-crystal.”

 

The next dimension of structural science communication: simple 3D printing directly from a crystal structure

Article Type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/c6ce02412b
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 690-698

Here we illustrate how to easily produce 3D printable model files from any standard structural model using the freely available visualisation program Mercury.

3D printing is now readily accessible to anyone without any effort beyond the generation of a 3D model file. 3D printing of physical models directly from accurate experimental outputs has the potential to produce models of any type of chemistry. This is important in science, because there is evidence that a large proportion of the population learn more effectively when presented with physical 3D models, rather than virtual 3D or 2D representations in books or on screens. Wood and co-workers have reported for the first time that 3D models can be easily 3D printed from any standard structural model file using the well-known, freely available structure visualization program, Mercury. Their approach may profoundly impact the way structural chemistry is communicated to society.”

 

Submit your research or reviews to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types or find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Register now for the Silicon Nanoparticles workshop!

Registration is now open for the Silicon Nanoparticles workshop in Bertinoro, Italy, 1-3 October 2018. Visit the website for more details. 

 

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Top Crystal Engineering articles of 2017!

CrystEngComm is the journal for innovative research covering all aspects of crystal engineering – the design of crystals, crystal growth, and the synthesis and evaluation of solid-state materials with desired properties. Here is a selection of our most cited articles of 2017:

 

Most Cited Research:

 

This original research is off to a great start, as some of our most cited work these papers and communications are already receiving recognition from the crystal engineering community.

 

A series of new mixed-ligand complexes based on 3,6-bis(imidazol-1-yl)pyridazine: syntheses, structures, and catalytic activities

Sheng-Bin Zhou, Xin-Fang Wang, Ceng-Ceng Du, Duo-Zhi Wang and Dianzeng Jia

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3124-3137

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00394C

Seven new mixed-ligand complexes based on 3,6-bis(imidazol-1-yl)pyridazine and various auxiliary ligands were synthesized and all complexes present good catalytic performance for the homocoupling reaction of 4-substituted aryl iodides bearing electron-donating groups.

Selective separation of aqueous sulphate anions via crystallization of sulphate–water clusters

Yang-Hui Luo, Jing-Wen Wang, Yao-Jia Li, Chen Chen, Pei-Jing An, Sen-Lin Wang, Chao-Qun You and Bai-Wang Sun

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3362-3369

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00693D

The potential of N-benzyl-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole-related ligands as new candidate for aqueous/seawater sulfate separation was demonstrated. Sulfate anions were crystallized in form of [HSO4·H2O]n or [SO42−·H2O]n sulfate–water clusters both selectively and effectively.

Halogen bonding modulates hydrogel formation from Fmoc amino acids

Pizzi, L. Lascialfari, N. Demitri, A. Bertolani, D. Maiolo, E. Carretti and P. Metrangolo

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1870-1874

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00031F

Iodine⋯pi halogen bonding is crucial to the self-assembly of brominated and iodinated Fmoc-phenylalanines.

 

 

Most Cited Reviews:

 

These Highlight articles are among our most cited of 2017, reviewing the advances and trends that are making waves in the crystal growth and supramolecular chemistry community.:

 

Overview of the strategic approaches for the solid-state recognition of hydrated anions

Md. Najbul Hoque and  Gopal Das

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1343-1360

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02438F

This review highlights the solid state recognition of hydrated anions an expanding area in the domain of supramolecular chemistry.

TTF–PTM dyads: from switched molecular self assembly in solution to radical conductors in solid state

Manuel Souto, Concepció Rovira, Imma Ratera and Jaume Veciana

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 197-206

DOI:10.1039/C6CE01660J

Dyads formed by tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) linked to perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radicals exhibit interesting physical properties such as bistability in solution or conductivity in solid state.

The proof is in the powder: revealing structural peculiarities in the Yb3Rh4Sn13 structure type

Iain W. H. Oswald, Binod K. Rai, Gregory T. McCandless, Emilia Morosana and Julia Y. Chan

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3381-3391

 DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00419B

Compounds adopting the Yb3Rh4Sn13 structure type have drawn attention because of the revelation of exotic states such as heavy fermion behavior, superconductivity, charge density wave, and quantum critical behavior.

 

Submit your research or reviews on crystal engineering, crystal growth, and supramolecular chemistry to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types or find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Most cited Nanomaterials papers of 2017!

The applications of nanomaterials range from environmental remediation to biological imaging. The design, engineering and growth of crystalline nanoparticles are pressing challenges, and papers tackling these hurdles are among our most impactful of 2017. 

 

Most Cited articles:

 

These Papers and Highlights are off to a great start, as some of our most cited work these articles are already being recognized by the nanomaterials community.

 

Experimental and simulation-based understanding of morphology controlled barium titanate nanoparticles under co-adsorption of surfactants

Zhongyu Sun, Lei Zhang, Feng Dang, Yao Liu, Zhiying Fei, Qian Shao, Hong Lin, Jiang Guo, Lichen Xiang, Narendranath Yerra and Zhanhu Guo

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3288-3298

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00279C

Selective adsorption of surfactants was theoretically predicted on crystal faces to prepare well-dispersed nanoparticles for the self-assembly of a high-quality stable dielectric constant film

Two-dimensional transition metal diseleniums for energy storage application: a review of recent developments

Yong-Ping Gao, Xu Wu, Ke-Jing Huang, Ling-Li Xing, Ying-Ying Zhang and Lu Liu

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 404-418

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02223E

In this review, we have briefly summarized the applications of two-dimensional transition metal diseleniums in supercapacitors, lithium ion batteries, sodium ion batteries and hydrogen storage.

Constructing hierarchical hollow CuS microspheres via a galvanic replacement reaction and their use as wide-band microwave absorbers

Biao Zhao, Xiaoqin Guo, Yuanyuan Zhou, Tingting Su, Chao Ma  and Rui Zhang

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 2178-2186

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00235A

Hollow hierarchical CuS microspheres prepared via a galvanic replacement reaction show thin thickness, wide band and light weight characteristics.

 

 

Most Downloaded articles:

 

These articles are receiving a lot of attention online, being some of our most downloaded articles and sparking discussion in the field of crystalline nanoparticles:

 

Synthesis of very thin Ag nanowires with fewer particles by suppressing secondary seeding

Dan Jia, Yan Zhao, Wei Wei, Chao Chen, Guowei Lei, Mengjuan Wan, Jingqi Tao, Shuxin Li, Shulin Ji and Changhui Ye

 

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 148-153

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02075E

Very thin Ag nanowires with a high purity of 94.5% are synthesized by modulating the process temperature to suppress secondary seeding of Ag nanoparticles.

Structural evolution of a metal–organic framework and derived hybrids composed of metallic cobalt and copper encapsulated in nitrogen-doped porous carbon cubes with high catalytic performance

Hui Li, Fan Yue, Chao Yang, Peng Xue, Nannan Li, Yi Zhang and Jide Wang

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 64-71

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE01995A

Metal residues confined inside the graphitic carbon layers change the work function of shells and exhibit surprisingly high chemical activities.

Oxidation of magnetite nanoparticles: impact on surface and crystal properties

 P. Schwaminger, D. Bauer, P. Fraga-García, F. E. Wagner and S. Berensmeier

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 246-255

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02421A

Oxidation of magnetite nanoparticles is dependent on Fe2+ ions migrating from core to surface and influences interactions with the environment.

 

Submit your research or reviews on crystalline nanoparticles to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types or find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Most cited Coordination Network papers of 2017!

Coordination Polymers and Metal-Organic Frameworks are among the most promising crystalline materials for a variety of applications, from gas storage to the detection of hazardous materials. The design, engineering and growth of these materials are pressing challenges, and papers tackling these hurdles are among our most impactful of 2017.

 

Most Cited Research:

 

This original research is off to a great start, as some of our most cited work these papers and communications are already receiving recognition from the coordination polymer community.

 

Template synthesis and photochromism of a layered zinc diphosphonate

Jin-Hua Li, Song-De Han, Jie Pan, Zhen-Zhen Xue, Guo-Ming Wang, Zong-Hua Wang and Zhen-Zhen Bao

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1160-1164

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00212B

A layered zinc-diphosphonate templated by protonated 2,4,6-tri(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine was hydrothermally fabricated. The title compound displays rapid photochromism upon irradiation with UV light or sunlight at ambient temperature.

Two lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks for highly efficient adsorption and removal of fluoride ions from water

Aiqing Ma, Fei Ke, Jing Jiang, Qiaoyu Yuan, Zhidong Luo, Jianqiang Liu and Abhinav Kumarc

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 2172-2177 

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00291B

The contamination of water with fluoride (F) is a source of mounting concern for global public health, and the removal of fluoride is quite important and challenging.

A viologen-based coordination polymer exhibiting high sensitivity towards various light sources

Wen-Bo Li, Qing-Xia Yao, Li Sun, Xiao-Dong Yang, Rui-Yun Guo and Jie Zhang

  CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 722-726

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02496C

The coordination self-assembly of a photoactive viologen ligand in the presence of a strong electron-donating oxalate anion has successfully afforded a photochromic coordination polymer with high sensitivity not only to ultraviolet-visible radiation but also to X-rays.

 

 

Most Cited Reviews:

 

These Highlight articles are among our most cited of 2017, reviewing the advances and trends that are making waves in the coordination network and MOF community:

 

Metal–organic frameworks with Lewis acidity: synthesis, characterization, and catalytic applications

Zhigang Hu and Dan Zhao  

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4066-4081

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE02660E

In this highlight, we review the recent development in the design and synthesis of metal–organic frameworks with Lewis acidity, the characterization techniques of Lewis acid sites, and their applications in heterogeneous catalysis.

 

Understanding metal–organic frameworks for photocatalytic solar fuel production

G. Santaclara, F. Kapteijn, J. Gascon and M. A. van der Veen

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4118-4125

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00006E

The fascinating chemical and physical properties of MOFs have recently stimulated exploration of their application for photocatalysis. Design guidelines for these materials in photocatalytic solar fuel generation can be developed by applying the right spectroscopic tools.

 

How 2-periodic coordination networks are interweaved: entanglement isomerism and polymorphism

Eugeny V. Alexandrov, Vladislav A. Blatov and Davide M. Proserpio

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1993-2006

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00313G

A method of analysis of entanglements in coordination polymers allows the classification of catenation patterns in all known 2-periodic coordination networks.

 

 

Submit your research or reviews on coordination polymers and MOFs to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types or find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Check out our COFs and Organic Cage Structures Themed Issue!

Earlier this year we published a Themed Issue focusing on the design strategies for the construction of porous organic materials, including covalent organic frameworks (COFs) and organic cage structures. Featuring contributions from some of the leaders in this captivating field and guest edited by Rahul Banerjee and Neil R. Champness. See their editorial, check out the full contents, or read on for some of our selections of great articles from this issue.

Flexible monomer-based covalent organic frameworks: design, structure and functions

 

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4868-4871

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7CE00593H

In this work by Zhou et al. the first example of a COF based on flexible monomers is reported. The material was synthesised by carrying out a Schiff base condensation between a rigid, aromatic carbonyl and a flexible amine. The resulting structure was found to be highly crystalline and porous, with a honeycomb-like hexagonal array of 1D channels (as seen in the cover art). The gas adsorption properties were studied and the material was found to demonstrate promising carbon capture capabilities.

Solid-state inclusion of C60 and C70 in a co-polymer induced by metal–ligand coordination of a Zn–porphyrin cage with a bis-pyridyl perylene derivative

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4911-4919
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6CE02341J

The interactions between porphyrins and fullerenes is interesting not just from a supramolecular point of view, but also due to the potential photochemical and conducting properties demonstrated by these pairs. In this work by Frontera et al. bis-porphyrin macrocycles are connected into 1D chains using extremely bulky perylene linkers. The size of the linker prevents it from acting as a guest in the porphyrin cage – leaving this site vacant to bind fullerenes as guest molecules. The authors found that occupancy of these cages was 100 % and went on to use computational methods to study the host-guest interactions present in these systems.

Precise elucidations of stacking manners of hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional organic frameworks composed of X-shaped π-conjugated systems

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4892-4898
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7CE00183E

A problem that has plagued the development of 2D COFs is that they generally exhibit low crystallinity, hindering characterisation. In this work by Hisaki et al. a series of X-shaped building blocks are linked by hydrogen-bonds to form 2D rhombic networks. These sheets stack without interpenetration to form low density frameworks. The aromatic cores of the monomers influence the stacking of these sheets, in two cases resulting in 1D inclusion channels. This in-depth structural analysis of these materials could enhance our understanding of the structures, stacking, and interlayer interactions of 2D COFs.

Modular assembly of porous organic cage crystals: isoreticular quasiracemates and ternary co-crystal

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 4933-4941
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7CE00783C

In this paper by Cooper et al porous materials are formed by coupling the synthesis of porous organic cages (POCs) with a crystal engineering approach, relying on the intermolecular interactions between cages to direct their co-crystallisation. Rather than rely on the strong, directional intermolecular interactions that are typically used to design co-crystals, but which are often incompatible with cage synthesis, the authors relied on chiral recognition between opposite handed pairs. Combining a chirally pure POC with a helical racemate forms new, quasiracemates in which the POCs stack window-to-window to form diamondoid pores.

Submit your research on porous organic materials to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types.

 

Find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Check out our Editors’ Choices of recent articles!

CrystEngComm is the journal for innovative research covering all aspects of crystal engineering – the design,  synthesis, crystallisation, and evaluation of solid-state materials with desired properties. Our Editorial Board members are leading researchers in these fields, here are some selections by Tong-Bu Lu and Omar Farha of hot new article in CrystEngComm, as well as some of our favourites! All of these articles are free to access for a limited time.

Professor Tong-Bu Lu

Professor Lu works at the Institute for New Energy Materials and Low Carbon Technologies, based at the Tianjin University of Technology, China.

His research interests include the recognition and activation of molecules and ions by the macrocyclic compounds; the constructions of porous metal-organic frameworks, and investigation of their properties for gases storages and separation, ions exchange and chiral separation and pharmaceutical polymorphs and cocrystals. He has been recognised as a distinguished Professor in Guangdong Province, China.

 

Green synthesis of zirconium-MOFs

 

Helge Reinsch, Bart Bueken, Frederik Vermoortele, Ivo Stassen, Alexandra Lieb, Karl-Petter Lillerud and Dirk De Vos 

CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 4070-4074

DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00618j

“Zr-based metal-organic frameworks(MOFs) have drawn particularly attention due to their extremely high thermal and chemical stability, which can be used as a platform for various catalytic reactions. However, the synthesis of Zr-MOFs usually uses ZrCl4 as the starting material, which the reactions should be carried out in organic solvents and prevent the existence of moisture. Recently, Vos and co-workers reported a green synthesis of Zr-MOFs, where the reaction was carried out in water using Zr(SO4)2×4H2O and 2aminoterephthalic acid as starting materials, which could enable the synthesis of Zr-MOFs at large scale.”

 

Experimental and theoretical investigation of a stable zinc-based metal–organic framework for CO2 removal from syngas

 

Ruiqin Zhong, Jia Liu, Xing Huang, Xiaofeng Yu, Changyu Sun, Guangjin Chen and Ruqiang Zou 

CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 8221-8225

DOI: 10.1039/C5CE01320h

“The construction of water resistant MOFs for selectively separating CO2 from syngas is important for a practical application of MOFs in industry. Zou and co-workers have constructed a micro-porous Zn-based MOF, which shows good framework integrity after guest removal and high water-stability even in boiling water. The titled MOF shows high adsorption selectivity for CO2 over CO and H2.”

 

Professor Omar Farha

Professor Farha works at the International Institute for Nanotechnology, based at Northwestern University, USA.

His research interests include Rational design of metal-organic framework and porous-organic polymer materials for catalysis, gas storage, gas separations, sensing and light harvesting and the rational design of new shuttles, dyes and fabrications to solve problems involving solar energy conversion.

Sensing-functional luminescent metal–organic frameworks

Dian Zhao, Yuanjing Cui, Yu Yang and Guodong Qian 

CrystEngComm, 2016,18, 3746-3759

DOI: 10.1039/C6CE00545d

Cui and Qian highlighted the recent significant progress on luminescent MOFs and solid sensors for a diverse selection of analytes from explosive chemicals to metal ions and many more. Among many, employing MOFs as a chemical sensor is one of the most promising applications of MOFs and this paper gives a fair summary of the recent advances in the field. I believe that this review can be a very good start point for readers of CrystEngComm who are new to the field and therefore it should be recognized.”

 

Structure-directing factors when introducing hydrogen bond functionality to metal–organic frameworks

Ross S. Forgan, Ross J. Marshall, Mona Struckmann, Aurore B. Bleine, De-Liang Long, María C. Bernini and David Fairen-Jimenez 

CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 299-306

DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01379d

From themed collection Metal-Organic Frameworks and Hybrid Materials

“This article highlights a clear example of how noncovalent interactions in SBUs direct the final structure of Zn-based MOFs. Specifically, the authors explain how the incorporation of H-bonding groups on MOF linkers serves as a non-traditional directing agent and results in a different MOF topology when compared to the topology with unfunctionalized linkers. The conclusions drawn are well supported with single crystal data and computational modelling.  Intermolecular interactions, covalent and noncovalent, are an important consideration when predicting MOF topology/properties and designing new MOFs.”

 

Editorial Office

The CrystEngComm editorial office is based in Cambridge, UK.

 

How 2-periodic coordination networks are interweaved: entanglement isomerism and polymorphism

Eugeny V. Alexandrov, Vladislav A. Blatov and Davide M. Proserpio 

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 1993-2006

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00313g

“This highlight article describes the authors’ analytical approach to classifying entangled 2-periodic coordination polymers. Using an extended ring nets (ERNs) approach and their freely available ToposPro software they were able show that 74 % of the 1319 structures analysed fell into only 21 out of 216 topologically distinct modes of entanglement. This work also classifies a novel type of isomerism in coordination networks – referred to as entanglement isomerism. This work will certainly be a valuable resource to crystallographers and chemists working on coordination polymers.”

 

Synthetic insect antifreeze peptides modify ice crystal growth habit

Charles H. Z. Kong, Ivanhoe K. H. Leung and Vijayalekshmi Sarojini 

CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 2163-2167

DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00232g

“Proteins that inhibit ice crystallisation are present in many polar organisms and could find use in food preservation and medical applications. Kong and co-workers investigated synthetic analogues of an antifreeze protein (AFP) found in beetle larvae in which disulphide bonds maintain a secondary structure that orientates hydrophilic side groups outward for ice binding. The authors replaced the disulphide bonds with lactam bridges, increasing stability, and found that although the synthetic analogues were less than half the size of the natural AFP they still showed antifreeze activity upon addition of citrate, giving insight into the potentially synergistic action of AFPs.”

 

Submit your research on coordination networks and crystal growth to CrystEngComm – see our author guidelines for information on our article types.

 

Find out more about the advantages of publishing in a Royal Society of Chemistry journal.

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Congratulations to the CrystEngComm award winners at the 26th Symposium on Organic Crystals!

This month saw the occasion of the 26th Symposium on Organic Crystals, organised by the The Chemical Society of Japan Division of Organic Crystals and held from 3rd – 5th of November at Yamagata University in Yonezawa, Japan.

 

The conference was chaired by Professor Hiroshi Katagiri of Yamagata University, and CrystEngComm was on-hand to award prizes to the best oral and poster presentations by young researchers.

 

The CrystEngComm award for Outstanding Presentation went to Shizuka Anan, of Hokkaido University, for her presentation entitled ‘Stochastic polymerization of monomers fixed in a MOF crystal as its organic ligands’.

 

The CrystEngComm award for Outstanding Poster went to Haruki Sugiyama, of Tokyo Institute of Technology, for his poster entitle ‘A metal complex with shows photochromism, thermochromism, and mechanochromism – structure-property relationships study’.

 

CrystEngComm award winners Shizuka Anan (center left) and Haruki Sugiyama (center right) being presented their awards by division chair, Professor Kazuki Sada of Hokkaido University (left), and RSC representative Hiromitsu Urakami (right). 

 

CrystEngComm offers a hearty congratulations to both prize winners!

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