The 16th International Congress on Photobiology

The 16th International Congress on Photobiology
Córdoba, Argentina
September 8–12, 2014

The 2014 International Congress of Photobiology was held in the “Pavillion Argentina” located within the University Campus of the National University of Córdoba, Argentina. This conference was the 16th in a series sponsored by the International Union of Photobiology (IUPB, www.iuphotobiology.com). This was the first time that the IUPB Congress was held in the Southern Hemisphere and also the first time held South of the Rio Grande. The University of Córdoba is the oldest in Argentina (founded in 1613) and the City of Córdoba offered a wonderful frame (and great weather) for the Congress.

All aspects of the interaction of light with the biosphere were covered, such as photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, photomovement of plants and bacteria, the interaction of UV light with ecosystems (including bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, algae, plants, mammalian cells, and  humans), circadian rhythms in plants and animals, vision and light-induced damage to the retina, UV induction of skin cancer, as well as the use of light for the treatment of various illnesses and the photochemistry of xenobiotics and biological molecules. The use of light-based technologies for the study of biological processes was also the subject of various symposia.

The Congress registered 507 participants from 38 Countries. 160 participants were from Argentina, 44 from Brazil, 17 from Chile, 60 from the USA, 50 from Germany, 20 from Japan, etc. 280 of the participants were young fellows (graduate students and young researchers).

The Scientific Programme (see the day by day program in pdf format at www.iuphotobiology.com) consisted of 3 Plenary Lectures: Nathan Nelson (Israel) on the “Evolution of the Photosynthetic Apparatus”, Thomas Schwarz (Germany) on “Photoimmunology”, Ernst Bamberg (Germany) on “Channel Rhodopsins and Optogenetics”, 9 Keynote speakers highlighting the frontiers of research in various areas: Carlos Ballaré (Argentina), Rosalie Crouch (USA), Anderson Garbuglio (Brazil), Mario Guido (Brazil), Hideki Kandori (Japan), Alberto Kornblihtt (Argentina), Dimitra Markovitsi (France), Frank Vollmer (Germany), Horacio Zagarese (Argentina), and 51 Symposia (each 130 minutes with between 4 and 6 participants), organized each one by two (sometimes one) scientists who were (was) also contributors to the Symposium. There were also two marvelous special (Historical) Lectures: Winslow Briggs (USA) on his “Scientific and Life Experience”, Phil Hanawalt (USA) on the “History of Research on the DNA Repair Mechanism”. A Symposium on Photomovement was held in Memoriam of Masamitsu Watanabe (deceased in 2013), who had a major role in the discovery of photoreceptors implied in photomovement (see the paper by Peter Hegemann).

IUPB awarded three Finsen Medals with Lecture to Masamitsu Wada (Japan), Herbert Hönigsmann (Austria), and Douglas Brash (USA), one Finsen Lecture to Roman Ulm (Switzerland), as well as one Edna Roe Lecture to Chikako Nishigori (Japan).

Finsen Medal winner Masamitsu Wada Finsen Medal winner Douglas Brash
Graduate students and young researchers presented 200 posters on all areas of photobiological research. Six poster prizes in the form of book vouchers were awarded during the closing ceremony: two from Springer Verlag, two from the Royal Society of Chemistry and two from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

Most symposia were organized with strong collaboration of colleagues from Latin-America. Some research areas are strong in Argentina (e.g., plant photomorphogenesis, blue-light-induction of microorganism behaviour, vision and UV damage to retina, circadian rhythms, photoecology, UV influence on the environment) and in Brazil (PDT, DNA photodamage, bioluminescence, biodiesel photoproduction), whereas some others are weak (e.g., molecular aspects of photomedicine, optogenetics, and areas of research that require complex instrumentation: e.g., ultra fast reactions). All symposia were well attended, especially by the young colleagues.

Many of the subjects treated were directly related to the problems and/ or peculiarities encountered in Latin America, such as the photobiology of extremophile bacteria at high altitude in the Puna (North of Argentina and Chile, Bolivia and Perú) as well as in Antarctica, the effect of the Ozone hole in the ecosystems in Argentina and Chile, the special properties of alga in Chile, the increase of UV-induced skin diseases in Brazil and others.

The participation of Argentine Scientists working abroad: Víctor Batista, Roberto Bogomolni, Gonzalo Cosa, Raquel Galián, Thomas Jovin, Diana Kirilovsky, Maria Andrea Mroginski, Ana Moore, Juan C. (Tito) Scaiano, Graciela Spivak, Cristian Strassert, María Vernet, Matias Zurbriggen, and Silvia Braslavsky was very important for the consolidation of the research ties between Argentine research groups and groups abroad. This has a special value in view of the very dramatic brain drain the Country suffered since 1966 and until 2001, which has being reverted by several actions taken in the last few years, in particular since the creation of the Minister of Science, Technology and Innovative Production, MINCyT, in 2011.
Herbert Hönigsmann, Finsen Medalist, between Robert Knobler and Henry Lim (right, President of IUPB)
The Argentine science administration Agencies strongly supported the Congress with grants from the Argentine Research Council, CONICET, (ca. 10.000 U$S) and from MINCyT (ca. 12.000 U$S). This permitted waiving the registration fee of all Argentina graduate students and several young scientists. In addition, the programme R@ices from MINCYT financed the travel to the Congress of several of the Argentine colleagues working abroad.

There was also important support (both financial and logistic) by the German Institutions (Research in Germany grouping DAAD, DFG, Fraunhofer, Humboldt Foundation) and the Max Planck Society as well as financial support from IUBS (International Union of Biological Societies), IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry), TWAS (The World Academy of Sciences) as well as ESP, ASP and the French Society of Photobiology, who helped financing the participation of young graduate students. These grants permitted waiving the fees of Latin- American graduate students and young researchers.

Several International companies and Argentine representatives of instrumentation supported the Congress; major contributors were: L’Oreal: in particular for sponsoring the contributors of the Symposium on Photoprotection, BASF and Johnson&Johnson. Some of the sponsoring companies had an exhibition booth in the foyer of the Pavillion.

All abstracts of Plenary, Special, and Keynote Lectures, as well as of the contributions to the Symposia and the posters presented were published on-line and can be found in pdf format at www.iuphotobiology.com.

The Editors of the Journals Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences (PPS, the Journal of the European Society of Photobiology, ESP, and the European Photochemical Association, EPA), Photochemistry and Photobiology (P&P, the Journal of the American Society of Photobiology, ASP), and Pure and Applied Chemistry (PAC, the Scientific Journal of the Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC) have agreed to publish, in each Journal, some of the Lectures and Symposia presented during the Congress. The papers will then be collated in a visrtual issue. All submitted papers underwent the normal evaluation procedure. We deeply thank the authors for submitting to the three Journals their presentations to the Congress.
Henry Lim, IUPB President  (2009-2014), and John Spudich (right), elected IUPB President (2014-2018), offer the Finsen Lecture Award to Roman Ulm
A major spin-off (s) of the Congress was the creation of the Argentine Group of Molecular Photobiologists (GRAFOB in Spanish, http://grupoargentinodefotobiologia.info/drupal/). This group already held two meetings in preparation of the 16th ICP: one in 2011 in La Plata and the second in 2013 in Córdoba (same place as 16th ICP 2014), with ca. 90 participants in each of them.

Several contacts were established between Latin American Research Groups, including some that could not participate of the Congress. The Argentine photobiology group met during the Congress and it was agreed to organize a third GRAFOB  meeting in Tucumán in 2016.

The Executive Board of IUPB had a regular meeting during the Congress and also held a general assembly. The new elected Executive Board is: President: John Spudich (USA), Secretary: Evelyn Sage (France), Treasurer: Franz Trautinger (Austria), Vice-Presidents: Roberto Bassi (Italy), Carlos Ballaré (Argentina), Gary Halliday (Australia), Yoshitaka Fukada (Japan), Liason member as organizer of the 16th ICP: Silvia Braslavsky (Germany) (See the site www.iuphotobiology.com).

Chikako Nishigori, Edna Roe Lecturer, between  Herbert Hönigsmann and

Franz Trautinger

The participants had the oportunity of enjoying a Tango show during the opening reception on Sunday evening and Argentine folk dancing on Thursday evening.

The 17th ICP will be held most probably in 2018 in the UK.
Silvia Braslavsky
Chair, 16th IC
Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Workshop on Radiation and Photochemistry

PPS is very proud to have supported the recent Workshop on Radiation and Photochemistry which was held at Savitribai Phule Pune University between January 10th – 12th 2016.

The PPS poster prizes awarded at the ceremony went to:

Vadde Ramu for his poster entitled, ‘New imaging reagents for lipid dense regions in live cells and the nucleus in fixed MCF- 7 cells’ from National Chemical Laboratory, India.

Meenakshi N. Shinde for her poster entitled, ‘Photophysical properties and DNA interaction studies of two newly synthesized Cobalt (II) complexes’ from Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune.

Rupali G. Shinde for his poster entitled, ‘Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Esculetin and its Derivatives: A Comparative study’ from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai.

Congratulations to all 3 of the winners!

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract
Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Shine on You Crazy Books

Series Editors Massimo, Lesley and Evelyne describe their new roles, series of books in photochemical and photobiological sciences and some exciting publications coming soon.

Let there be light! It’s a new beginning for The Comprehensive Series in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences. First started in 2001, this series has covered some fantastic topics from flavins to lasers. Brand new books have just been published, and the freshly appointed Series Editorial Board is looking for the next big topics.

How did the series emerge?

In addition to primary research and reviews, photochemists, photobiologists and aspiring students can need more. In response to the identified need for comprehensive information sources that cover well-established and emerging fields in depth, in 2001 the European Society for Photobiology (ESP) and the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) agreed to launch a series of books in photoscience. The series title leaves little untold about its purpose: Comprehensive Series in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences.

Browsing through some documents from the time of its launch, we ran into instructions for authors that suggest manuscripts should be submitted “together with a set of disks (or CD-ROM)…” Today, floppy disks are useless, compact disks are a vintage technology and we submit our scientific papers by clicking on touchscreen devices. So much has changed, but the book series has maintained its high scientific standards and best original features, thanks to the vision of committed previous series editors (Donat-Peter Haeder and the late Giulio Jori).

5000 pages later…

Thirteen books (and over 5000 pages!) have now been published, covering very cool and interesting fields, giving – as the series editors wrote in the foreword of the first published volume - a critical evaluation of the directions that the field is taking. If you glance at the published titles, you will see the results of hard and dedicated work from many chapter authors and volume editors from around the world.

The Executive Committee of the ESP met in September 2015 in Aveiro, Portugal during the biennial Congress of the Society. The Committee has given the three of us the prestigious roles of Series Editors of the book series. We are flattered and honoured by this office. We are committed to work hard to maintain the standards of the Series and to source and invite new edited volumes on important topics.

And what now?

Very soon, two new volumes will be available. Surface Water Photochemistry, edited by Paola Calza and Davide Vione, is now available and it explores the latest research on the photochemical fate of organic pollutants in surface water. Singlet Oxygen, edited by Santi Nonell and Cristina Flors, comprises two volumes that present the physical, chemical and biological properties of this reactive oxygen species and its increasingly important applications across chemical, environmental and biomedical areas. Look out for this book in early 2016.

Currently, we are scouring the literature, attending conferences and speaking to our colleagues to decide what are the topics that have developed significantly in the last few years and that could now do with a new edited book covering the field. The series will be open to and will expand to include any topic where an in-depth coverage need is defined.

Thanks to the impending publication of two new titles, a new series Editorial Board, and beautiful new cover designs, it looks like an exciting new start for the Comprehensive Series in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences. We do welcome feedback on books in the series and ideas for areas we should cover in future. To get in touch, please email us at books@rsc.org.

Ad maiora!

Read more in the full Editorial published in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences.

Posted by Alice on behalf of the authors Massimo Trotta, Evelyne Sage and Lesley Rhodes

Lesley E. Rhodes, University of Manchester (Scientific interests include human photobiology and photomedicine); Evelyn Sage, Institut Curie (Focusses on basic aspects of photobiology in her research); Massimo Trotta, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy (Research interests are in environmental applications of photosynthesis)

*Apologies to Pink Floyd

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

PPS supports the 1st Young Scientist Seminar on Scientific Research on Innovative Areas “Photosynergestics”

Graphical Abstract

(L-R) Ms. Wakana Naito, Ritsumeikan University and Professor Hajime Ito, Hokkaido University

PPS is very proud to have supported the recent 1st Young Scientist Seminar on Scientific Research on Innovative Areas “Photosynergetics”, 31st July – 1st August 2015, Osaka, Japan.

The PPS poster prize, awarded at the seminar, went to Ms. Wakana Naito, of Ritsumeikan University, for her poster titled “Chirality Induction of Pyrrole-Based Cyclic π-Electronic Systems by Inner Modifications”.

The prize was awarded by Professor Hajime Ito of Hokkaido University, Chief of the Prize Awarding Committee of the 1st Young Scientist Seminar for Photosynergetics.

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Highlighted PPS articles

Posted on behalf of Rex Tyrrell, Editor-in-Chief, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences Editorial Board

The influence of Pluronics® on dark cytotoxicity, photocytotoxicity, localization and uptake of curcumin in cancer cells: studies of curcumin and curcuminoids XLIX.
Ravinder Singh, Hanne Hjorth Tønnesen, Solveig Kristensen and Kristian Berg
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2013, 12, 559-575

Formulation by amphiphilic copolymers, e.g. nonionic Pluronics®, that spontaneously form nanoparticulate micellar carriers (10-100 nm) in aqueous media is one possible strategy to solubilize lipophilic photosensitizers and improve bioavailability, as investigated in this paper by in vitro cellular studies. Pluronics consist of hydrophilic poly-ethylene oxide (EO) and hydrophobic poly-propylene oxide (PO) blocks arranged in a sequential manner (Figure 1).

Pluronic block copolymers

Figure 1. Pluronic block copolymers, x = number of ethylene oxide groups (EO), y = number of propylene oxide groups (PO).

Pluronics form micelles with a hydrophobic core and hydrophilic corona when individual polymer chains spontaneously assemble into nanosized aggregates above a certain concentration (critical micelle concentration, cmc) and temperature (critical micelle temperature, cmt). The self-assembly of amphiphilic polymers is a reversible process. However, owing to a prolonged in vivo circulation time prior to dissociation, a high solubilizing capability and low toxicity, several Pluronics are approved for oral or intravenous administration, e.g. by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Kristian Berg and team

From left to right: Ravinder Singh, Hanne Hjorth Tønnesen, Solveig Kristensen and Kristian Berg

The Pluronic block composition will influence polymeric lipophilicity, micellar aggregation number, shape and size, cmc and cmt values, drug loading and localization, and the release of drug from the formulation. A proper selection of the polymeric blocks may enable development of optimized drug formulations with enhanced accumulation of the selected photosensitizer in cancer cells, as studied in this paper by formulation of the highly lipophilic photosensitizer Curcumin with selected Pluronics.

The field of pluronics has excited much interest lately, not least for the potential of these interesting polymers to assist in targeting cancer calls. The paper described above is an excellent example of how “pluronics” can be applied to improve targeting of photosensitisers in to cells and was one of the most accessed PPS articles on the Royal Society of Chemistry’s website last year.

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

ICP Prize Winners

We were delighted to award two delegates at the 16th International Congress on Photobiology, Córdoba, Argentina with Royal Society of Chemistry Poster Prizes.

María Julia Lamberti from Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Argentina and Francisco Lobos from the Universidad de Concepción, Chile were each awarded a Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences certificate and an RSC book voucher.

Maria presented a poster entitled “Photodynamic therapy mediates the ROS-dependent activation of the tumor prosurvival hypoxia-inducible factor I” and Francisco a poster on “Sequence, structure and function of the gamma 33 subunit of R-phycoerythrin from Gracilaria chilensis”.

Many congratulations to all the winners!


Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Ozone depletion and climate change

On behalf of Professor Rex M. Tyrrell, Editor-in-Chief

Under the terms of the Montreal Protocol on protection of the ozone layer, regular assessments of the state of knowledge in this area are required by the signatory parties. The paper “Ozone depletion and climate change: impacts on UV radiation” by McKenzie and co-workers is part of one such assessment which was provided to the United Nations Environmental Panel (UNEP) through their Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP).

UV index over time

Change in the annual mean of noon-time clear-sky erythemally-weighted UV, 1960-2100, relative to the level in 1980.

The EEAP reports on the Environmental Impacts of Ozone Depletion and, in their more recent assessment, have been asked to comment on any interactions between ozone depletion and the climate change. In an attempt to make these assessments more accessible to the wider scientific community, they are also published in the peer reviewed scientific literature. Both the last two major assessments (2006 and 2010) and several interim reports of the EEAP have been published in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences.

The paper by McKenzie et al. is essentially the first chapter of the most recent full assessment in 2010. That chapter assesses our progress towards understanding atmospheric research relevant to the effects of ozone depletion and climate change on solar UV radiation. It provides a link between (a) the more detailed and technical WMO/UNEP report on the Science of Ozone Depletion, and (b) the subsequent chapters of the EEAP assessment that report on the environmental effects on human health, the terrestrial environment, the aquatic environment, biogeochemical cycles, air quality, and material damage.

EEAP Panel

L. O. Björn, S. Madronich, R. L. McKenzie, A. F. Bais, P. J. Aucamp (M. Ilyas was absent, shown right). The photo was taken at the UNEP meeting in Zhengzhou China in August 2014 while working on the 2014 Assessment for which A. Bais will be the lead author.

These latter chapters are also published in the same special issue of Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences. Although not designed as a review, the chapter nevertheless provides a digestible short summary of important research results on the subjects of ozone depletion, UV radiation, and interactions between these issues and climate change that have appeared in the literature in the four years since the previous assessment.

Therefore, in addition to the primary purpose of providing an assessment for policymakers, the article also provides a useful introduction to the subject, especially for researchers new to the field and to educators. The scope is unique, as it provides a one-stop update of these diverse, yet interrelated issues. It is written in a style that makes it accessible to the general public without detailed knowledge of the issues.

As the topic is of wide interest to the scientific community, this 2011 article published in Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences is one of the most highly cited in the journal from recent years. The 2014 assessment is currently under review, and will be published in a special issue of Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences in early 2015.

Read the full paper to find out more:

Ozone depletion and climate change: impacts on UV radiation
R. L. McKenzie, P. J. Aucamp, A. F. Bais, L. O. Björn, M. Ilyas and S. Madronich
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2011, 10, 182-198.

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Unravelling UVA-induced mutagenesis

UVB is the portion of the solar spectrum that is absorbed by DNA. It is a major contributor to the biological effect of sunlight, a property that has been known since the early 19th century. The genotoxic effects of UVA have attracted comparatively little interest however research into this portion of the solar spectrum has been revisited in the last twenty years.

Authors

The Sage group. Back (L–R): Pierre-Marie Girard (CNRS researcher), Sylvain Martineau (engineer), Ludovic Tessier (technician) Front : Angela Bellini (PhD student) and Ev Sage

There has been an intense effort to understand how UVA radiation damages DNA, induces mutations and is involved in human skin carcinogenesis. A classic Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences Perspective by Sage and co-workers summarizes the main results of such investigations.

The article highlights unresolved issues in the field and discusses the more controversial data in the recent literature. In particular, the authors summarise the evidence that the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, the major DNA damage induced by UVA in mammalian cells, is caused by direct DNA-absorption of UVA photons rather than photosensitized reactions. This research is of particularly great importance for considering approaches to photoprotection.

Mutagenesis

Although contradictory data on UVA mutagenesis has been reported in the literature, the authors offer a critical analysis of the key findings and conclude that the main mutations induced by UVA are C to T transitions at bipyrimidine sites – the same process as for UVB. The authors propose that such a mutational specificity is a general UV signature, regardless of whether the UV radiation in question is UVB or UVA. This raises the question of what are the causative wavelengths when such mutations are observed in skin tumours.

The review also presents new insights on the genotoxic effects of UVA and provides a better understanding of the relative contribution of UVA to skin carcinogenesis, a crucial issue considering exposure of the human population to UVA radiation is unavoidable. The review presents mechanistic arguments that complement epidemiological studies on the risk of melanoma associated with the use of tanning beds, which emit over 99% UVA, and provides a platform for raising new questions on the potential effects of UVA radiation.

Since its publication in 2012, the Perspective has attracted considerable attention from researchers in the field, as evidenced by a growing number of citations.

To find out more, read the full article, which is free to access for 4 weeks:

Unravelling UVA-induced mutagenesis
Evelyne Sage, Pierre-Marie Girard and Stefania Francesconi
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci.,2012, 11, 74-80

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

16th International Congress on Photobiology: Abstract submission deadline extended until 4th April

Deadline extended: Submit your abstracts by Friday 4th April 2014

Registration is still open for the 16th International Congress on Photobiology, to be held in Cordoba, Argentina, 7-12 September 2014.

The meeting starts with two talks and a reception on the evening of Sunday 7th and ends on the afternoon of Friday 12th. There are optional excursions on Wednesday afternoon and a special Darwin-steps trip is being organized to take place immediately after the Congress.

For further information and to submit your abstracts, visit: 

www.photobiology2014.com.ar  

16th ICP

 

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)

Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences issue 4 is now available online

Issue 4 of Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences is now available to read online.

The front cover this month features work by Maria Faustino, Adelaide Almeida and co-workers from Aveiro, Portugal. In their work they set out to assess the efficiency of antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (PDI) on clinical multidrug-resistant bacteria in hospital wastewaters, in order to evaluate its potential use in treating hospital effluents.

Read the full article – it’s free to access for the next six weeks:
Photodynamic inactivation of multidrug-resistant bacteria in hospital wastewaters: influence of residual antibiotics
Joana Almeida, João P. C. Tomé, Maria G. P. M. S. Neves, Augusto C. Tomé, José A. S. Cavaleiro, Ângela Cunha, Liliana Costa, Maria A. F. Faustino and Adelaide Almeida 
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014, 13, 626-633, DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50195G

Keep up-to-date with the latest content in Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences by registering for our free table of contents alerts.

Digg This
Reddit This
Stumble Now!
Share on Facebook
Bookmark this on Delicious
Share on LinkedIn
Bookmark this on Technorati
Post on Twitter
Google Buzz (aka. Google Reader)