A perfluorinated anion exchange membrane with a 1,4-dimethylpiperazinium cation demonstrated enhanced hydroxide ion conductivity.
The membrane also exhibited a better water uptake than a typical hydrocarbon anion exchange membrane with the same cation. When tested, the membrane showed a remarkable stability of over 30 days in 2 M KOH at 60 °C and good fuel cell performance. Work is ongoing to investigate the attachment of more basic cations to further enhance the hydroxide ion conductivity, fuel cell performance and long term stability.
Interested to know more? Why not read the full article for free: M.-s. J. Jung, C. G. Arges and V. Ramani, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, DOI: 10.1039/c1jm10320b