Archive for the ‘Conference’ Category

2016 AIChE Annual Meeting, San Francisco, November 13-18, 2016

The AIChE Annual Meeting is the premier educational forum for chemical engineers interested in innovation and professional growth. Academic and industry experts will cover wide range of topics relevant to cutting-edge research, new technologies, and emerging growth areas in chemical engineering.

The technical program of the 2016 AIChE Annual Meeting includes:

  • Programming from 22 of AIChE’s Divisions and Forums
  • 10 topical conferences
  • 100+ invited sessions
  • 44 poster sessions

Register now or click through for more information on this meeting.

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ISGC, the International Symposium on Green Chemistry, La Rochelle, May 16th-19th 2017

ISGC, the International Symposium on Green Chemistry, will be held in La Rochelle – France, May 16th-19th 2017.
There will be 10 topics / 24 plenary lectures / 280 oral communications selected from a call for communications / a green chemistry challenge / 1000 participants (academic institutions and private industry).

The call for communications is in progress. Deadline for papers is October 31th 2016.

Green Chemistry will be publishing a selection of invited contributions following ISGC-2017 to showcase some of the research presented at the conference. Please note that all submissions will be subject to initial assessment and peer-review and as such we cannot guarantee publication of invited manuscripts.


Topics :
Renewable Carbon / Biomass conversion / Valorization of waste
Smart Use of Fossil
Polymers
Environmental Impact & Life Cycle Assessment
Mechanism
Catalytic Systems
Biotechnologies
Alternative Solvents
Non-thermal Activation Methods
Networking & Education

The main objective of ISGC 2017 is to gather the most eminent scientists involved in the field of green chemistry to debate on the future challenges of Chemistry keeping in mind the problems of access to a sustainable energy, the management of resources (carbon, water, metals, minerals), Human development, global warming, impact on the environment and competitiveness of our Industry.

For more information please see www.isgc-symposium.com

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4th International Conference of the Cluster of Excellence “Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass”: Conference Report 2016

Tailor-Made Fuels – From Production to Propulsion

The 4th International Conference on Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass (TMFB) organized by the Cluster of Excellence was held from June 21st to 23rd in Aachen, Germany. Nearly 200 scientists took the opportunity to discuss the synthesis, production and combustion of modern biofuels and for the first time alternative fuels derived from carbon dioxide as well as from renewable electricity made up one additional focus of the lectures. Internationally renowned experts as well as TMFB members presented their findings and current research activities within the Cluster of Excellence. The program also contained a poster session, which included a poster award for the two most convincing posters. As in previous years, a framework program providing the chance of networking and thinking outside the box of the own discipline completed the conference.

Prof. Uwe Schröder from TU Braunschweig started off this year’s conference with a lecture on the opportunities and challenges of producing biofuels using electrochemical catalytic processes. He focused on new electrochemical reduction pathways for the transformation of biogenic platform molecules to possible fuel candidates including: (1) levulinic acid to valeric acid or octane; (2) 5-hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-dimethylfuran; and (3) fatty acids or triglycerides to Diesel‑like olefin/ether mixtures. Prof. Schröder’s work highlighted how the conversion of biomass using electrochemical routes can produce potential fuel candidates that cannot be readily obtained using chemocatalysis and provides a method to chemically store excess renewable electricity.

The second keynote lecture this morning was presented by Prof. Johannes G. de Vries from the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis (LIKAT) in Rostock, who outlined his quest towards the ‘holy grail’ of biomass conversion: the depolymerization of lignin. He pointed out a catalytic approach to convert β‑O‑4 lignin model compounds through a tandem reaction involving an acid catalyzed cleavage of the ether linkage followed by capture of the reactive intermediates through acetal formation, hydrogenation or decarbonylation. This chemocatalytic process can be applied directly to authentic lignin samples or even as a “lignin‑first” franctionation method of biomass feedstocks to provide moderate yields of monomeric products resulting mainly from cleavage of the β-O-4 linkages. Prof. de Vries emphasized how the development of advanced analytical tools is required in the field of lignin depolymerization to enable a detailed mechanistic understanding of which linkages are broken in novel catalytic transformations.

This year’s poster session was followed by the keynote of Dr. Gautam Kalghatgi with “The Outlook for Transport Fuels”. He opened his talk by highlighting the importance of the transport sector for modern society but also its impact on global CO2 emissions and greenhouse gasses. Furthermore, he outlined the relevance of petroleum and liquid fuels, especially for heavy duty transportation, and mentioned the limited impact of alternative fuels within the next few decades. Afterwards, he explained the challenges of increasing the efficiency of spark ignition engines. With further downsizing and downspeeding engine knock becomes more likely and future fuels need higher resistance against knock. However, the Research Octane Number (RON) which is characterizing the knock resistance of gasoline fuels does not fully apply for modern engines, since phenomena like pre‑ignition and super‑knock can occur. Therefore, he mentioned the need for new characteristic fuel numbers. During the second part of his presentation, Dr. Kalghatgi focused on the challenges for modern Diesel engines where the trade‑off between soot and NOX emissions is the main focus of research. To avoid this trade‑off, he proposed using low Cetane fuels or gasoline compression ignition, since greater homogenization can be achieved and therefore soot formation can be avoided.

PhD student Rene Büttgen, from the Institute for Physico-Chemical Fundamentals of Combustion (PCFC) RWTH Aachen University.

He concluded his talk with an outlook on the fuel distribution for the next few decades where a strong tendency towards Diesel fuel was evident. Therefore, gasoline and low octane fuels will be available in abundance, making research on gasoline engines and GCI very important.

The second day of the conference was opened by Prof. Robert Dibble from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, who was giving a talk about “Better Biofuel Blending – Strategies for Optimal Blending of Biofuels with Petroleum Fuels to Improve Engine Combustion Performance”. In the beginning of his talk, he highlighted the importance of knock resistant fuels for spark ignition engines due to further downsizing and downspeeding trends in modern engine development. To obtain these knock resistant fuels, he presented several octane boosters which could be obtained from biomass. In addition to that, he presented a method to detect pre‑ignitions which would make it possible to enable counter measures like advanced spark timing.

For compression ignition engines a similar approach as the one from the previous keynote by Dr. Kalghatgi was presented. Prof. Dibble as well proposed the use of low Cetane fuels in order to achieve better homogenization of the fuel‑air mixture to eliminate the soot/NOX trade‑off. In contrast to the previous keynote,  Prof. Dibble was using fuels, which usually do not ignite in a Diesel engine and mixed them with ignition enhancers like the biofuel di ethyl ether.

Prof. Dibble was followed by Prof. Roger F. Cracknell, who was giving a talk on the “Combustion Challenges in Designing Fuels for Modern Engines”. He started his talk by outlining the challenges for future mobility and a life cycle analysis of a series production car, where the tank-to-wheel emissions represent the biggest share of CO2. Furthermore, the importance of downsizing on efficiency was highlighted as in the previous talks. Moreover, he mentioned the importance of burning velocity, which has an impact on the knocking resistance as well as higher velocities are more beneficial. Another promising way to reduce emissions and to further increase efficiency are low temperature combustion (LTC) modes for compression engines. These combustion modes avoid areas where soot and NOX are formed and increase efficiency due to lower heat losses. During the second part of his presentation, Prof. Cracknell focused on deposits in the engine and on local emissions. Here the effects of injector fouling of gasoline and Diesel injectors on emissions and engine efficiency were presented. To conclude his talk, he highlighted the potential of knock resistant gasoline fuels with high burning velocities in order to increase efficiency. Additionally, he mentioned that novel combustion modes for compression ignition engines are very promising but also represent challenges regarding stability and noise. Finally he explained the potential of GTL fuels and biofuels to achieve locally lower emissions.

The afternoon keynote was held by Dr. Hermann Pengg from Audi AG with a talk about “Emission Neutrality in the Transport Sector” in which he presented the opportunities of e-fuels. First, he outlined the need for liquid or gaseous energy carriers, since the transition to electric mobility will be too long and with e-fuels the current infrastructure can be used. Furthermore, with increasing amount of renewable energy like wind and solar power, huge amounts of excess energy will be available which have to be stored somewhere. For these reasons, a power to gas plant was presented which could fuel 1,500 passenger cars. This technology shows that it is possible to achieve a great reduction in greenhouse gas emissions for long range passenger transport and heavy duty. Finally, it was concluded that power to fuel in combination with electric cars is the only solution for a significant reduction of greenhouse gasses and that the power to fuel approach can also help with the big fluctuation in power supply of renewable energy.

The final day of the conference included a keynote presentation from Prof. Johan Sanders from Wageningen University on the economic and social aspects of the biorefinery concept. He emphasized the importance of small-scale biorefineries as they allow for reduced costs associated with decreased feedstock transportation, capital costs and process energy requirements. However, for small‑scale production to be economically viable, a biomass feedstock must be carefully chosen to allow for the formation of a variety of high-value products (e.g. sugar, amino acids, lipids). Furthermore, Prof. Sanders outlined how the transition to a bio-based economy can also led to job creation in the agricultural and chemical sectors and thus also provide significant socioeconomic benefits.

Not only the mentioned keynote sessions brought a lot of innovative input to the conference – many inspiring presentations were held during the various sessions. In total, 38 speeches were given in parallel sessions with 25 presentations being held by external speakers coming both from industry and universities from all over the world. Moreover, the previously mentioned poster session, consisting of more than 30 diverse posters, extended the scientific value of TMFB’s 4th International Conference. The presented posters covered a wide range of topics. Ronny Uhlig was awarded for his outstanding poster on “Microbial Electroreduction of Biomass Intermediates to Tailor-Made Fuels” as well as Karin Munch for her inspiring poster on “An Analysis of Butanol and Octanol/Diesel Blends from Both a Sustainable and an Engine Point of View”.

Besides the scientific input during the daily sessions, the conference offered the opportunity to establish and maintain contacts in a relaxed atmosphere in the evenings. The social program began on the first evening with a get‑together at the conference location, where food and drinks were served while the participants had the opportunity to watch the football match of the German Men’s National Team in the UEFA Euro 2016. The highlight of the second evening was the conference dinner, held at the Forum M in Aachen. All participants were invited to join the dinner and enjoy a picturesque view of the Aachen old town while musician Kathi Monta entertained the guests with her saxophone music.

Taking a look back, the 4th International Conference bore the comparison with the previous conferences, which set a high standard. The organizers thank everyone who was part of the event and we are already looking forward to our 5th International Conference, taking place from June 20th to 22nd in Aachen. Once again, researchers who are interested in an interdisciplinary perspective on the development of novel biofuels and other alternative fuels are invited to take part. Vital discussions, diverse networking opportunities and a lot of valuable input are the main characteristics of TMFB’s International Conference, and we will be happy to share all these benefits with you again next year.

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Tokyo International Conference on Green and Sustainable Chemistry (2015)

Abstract

The 7th International Conference on Green and Sustainable Chemistry and the 4th JACI/GSC Symposium (GSC-7), sponsored by the Japan Association for Chemical Innovation (JACI, a Public Interest Incorporated Association), was held from July 5 to 8, 2015 at Hitotsubashi Hall, Hitotsubashi University (Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo), on the theme of “Toward New Developments in GSC.”

This year’s symposium in Japan, which combined the annual JACI/GSC Symposium with the International Conference on GSC, held biennially on a rotating basis in Asia, the U.S., and Europe, proved to be the largest ever symposium related to GSC.

Furthermore, the definition of GSC (green and sustainable chemistry), as promoted by JACI, was reviewed during the symposium in response to developments in the field of chemistry. On the final day of the symposium, this revised conception of GSC was announced as the “Tokyo Declaration 2015,” based on a consensus of GSC stakeholders around the world.

1. Introduction

This was the fourth JACI/GSC Symposium held since 2012, the year after the Japan Association for Chemical Innovation (JACI) was established as a “Public Interest Incorporated Association” through a merger. The first joint JACI/GSC Symposium in 2012 combined four symposiums, including the GSC Symposium. JACI has incorporated into its symposium programs leading-edge information and strategic recommendations for the chemical industry, which it has promoted since its inception. In addition, it has continuously advanced the basic principles of GSC, as defined at the GSC Symposiums held annually between 2001 and 2011.

The International Conference on GSC was held for the first time in the memorable year of 2003, as the 1st Tokyo International Conference on GSC. The first ever GSC Symposium was actually held in 2001, but along with the second GSC Symposium the following year, it was held merely as a preparation for the 1st Tokyo International Conference on GSC in 2003. From then on, the International Conference on GSC was held every two years in the U.S., Europe, and Asia, on a rotating basis. After Tokyo, the event was held successively in the U.S., Germany, China, the U.S., and the U.K. This year, precisely 12 years after that first conference in Tokyo, the International Conference on GSC returns to the city where it all started. Thus, it was very fitting that the JACI/GSC Symposium and the (Tokyo) International Conference on GSC be held jointly.

Naturally, JACI has worked long and hard on preparations for this year’s joint conference ever since August 2013, when the event was announced. One of its tasks was to review the concept of GSC, including its definition. One of the plenary lecturers, Professor Emeritus Makoto Misono of The University of Tokyo, revised the GSC guidelines, around the idea of advocating GSC that is “More Positive” as well as “Less Negative,” and also provided more complete case studies of GSC. Among others, the GSC case studies continue to be based on the 12 principles of green chemistry jointly advocated in the 1990s by Anastas and Warner, but these have now been extended by the incorporation of the “More Positive” concept. In this way, they clearly indicate the direction of GSC for the future.

With a total of 785 participants, this symposium was the largest GSC Symposium or JACI/GSC Symposium ever held. More remarkably, everyone seemed to find the rich program of the symposium enjoyable.

At the banquet held on the third day, when the main guest speakers broke open a ceremonial sake barrel, the assembled participants reacted vocally with great enthusiasm. Since it happened to be the night of Tanabata, the symposium tree installed within the venue was decorated with tanzaku (colored strips of paper with prayers written on them) containing hopes for the field of GSCThe happy, smiling faces of the many people captured in the commemorative photos of that evening symbolize the success of GSC-7.

Not only did the symposium come to a successful close, but hopefully the message relating to GSC will prove to serve as a source of guidance and inspiration for the activities of people involved in the chemical industry in the future.

2. Outline of the program

GSC-7 consisted mainly of two parts—lectures and exhibitions.

The lectures were held on the second, third, and fourth days. There was a total of 81 technical lectures delivered, including four plenary lectures, 10 invited lectures, three GSC award winner’s presentations, and 19 keynote lectures. The exhibitions, held on the third and fourth days, consisted of a poster presentation session featuring 200 posters and 58 presentations on the activities of companies and organizations.

In addition, on the first day Interaction with Students and Networking and Drinks, which served as welcome parties, were held. On the second day there was a panel discussion featuring plenary lecturers as panelists. On the third day, the commendation ceremony for the GSC Award was held, followed by a banquet. On the fourth day, the Commendation Ceremony for the GSC Poster Award was held, and the symposium concluded after closing remarks. Note that the Tokyo Declaration 2015 was announced during the closing remarks, after final editing of the statement text on the third day of the conference.

Each item of the program is explained in order as follows.

The Interaction with Students started at 4 p.m., the scheduled time for the start of registration for the symposium. The session was attended by 19 young researchers from around Asia, invited as part of the Japan Science and Technology Agency’s SAKURA Exchange Program in Science, as well as 10 other participants from abroad, and approximately 10 Japanese participants. The assembled students discussed GSC-related matters .

Many of the students actively expressed their opinions and they found the exchange to be very valuable.

Subsequently, the Networking and Drinks was performed. There were no special program items on the first day; the main activity was registration. Still, approximately 50 people participated. It was a relatively simple gathering, but many of the predominantly foreign participants could be seen enjoying themselves chatting until near the end of the scheduled program.

The opening remarks of the symposium was given by JACI President Kyohei Takahashi. After relating the history of the symposium, he explained that this year’s symposium would explore a new approach to GSC and lead to a further advance in GSC activities.

Next, a special speech was delivered by current Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) Chairman Sadayuki Sakakibara, who also serves as president of the Chemical Society of Japan. In his talk, he stressed that chemical innovation based on GSC represented a road to Japan’s revival, pointing out that in the past 20 years the chemical industry has grown to account for a larger slice of Japan’s economy, despite the fact that GDP has remained stagnant in this time. Citing the example of two particular products based on GSC (carbon fiber, and reverse osmosis membranes), Mr. Sakakibara explained that the development of environmentally friendly products is becoming increasingly important.

The next item on the program was the first plenary lecture, by Professor Emeritus Makoto Misono of The University of Tokyo, which focused on raising awareness of the theme of the symposium. He expressed his view that while the pursuit of wealth and environmental sustainability simultaneously is very difficult, it is possible. His contention is that although GDP growth and environmental impact have increased in proportion to one another throughout the course of human economic development up to now, we can think of ways to limit environmental impact while still increasing GDP. Professor Emeritus Misono illustrated this relationship as an environmental Kuznets curve and proposed Environmental Impact (EI) as an indicator. He explained that promoting “positive” GSC is essential for improving EI. As an example, he mentioned paper nappies, which are effective both in preventing environmental pollution and enabling lifestyle convenience.

The first invited lecture was presented by Professor Kazuhito Hashimoto of the University of Tokyo, who discussed Japanese national policy from the standpoint of GSC. As part of the current effort to recover from 20 years of stagnation by reviving Japan’s economy, through “Abenomics,” a number of cross-governmental collaborations with industry and academia have been promoted, including SIP (Cross-Ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program) and ImPACT (Impulsing PAradigm Change through disruptive Technologies). On top of this, research and development relating to cutting-edge chemistry, incorporating information and communications technology (ICT) is also likely to be promoted in the coming years. Japan has a track record of overcoming environmental pollution problems, and in this sense, it has become a world leader in developing solutions to environmental challenges. Professor Hashimoto stated that it is essential for Japan to continue steadily developing innovative technology and to face the challenges of solving global-scale environmental and energy problems.

The second plenary lecture was by Dr. Gernot Klotz, who talked about GSC-related initiatives in Europe. Dr. Klotz claimed that research and development relating to forms of industry and economic efficiency, and value chains are required for solving the problems that humanity is grappling with. These problems, such as climate change, health and aging, and energy, require a new approach, centered around innovation and based on integration and cooperation. As an example, he presented the sustainable industrial process model promoted by SPIRE (Sustainable Process Industry through Resource and Energy Efficiency), which many European companies are participating in. Dr. Klotz also talked about Suschem (European Technology Platform For Sustainable Chemistry), which engages in a wide range of activities in the fields of bio-energy, transport, resources, and health, with a view to solving pressing societal problems.

The third plenary lecture was delivered by Dr. David Constable, Director of the American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute (ACS GCI), titled “A Survey of GSC in the U.S.” In this talk, Dr. Constable outlined the state of green chemistry from various standpoints of the public, academia, government, and NGOs in the U.S. He explained that amongst the public, the terms “green chemistry” (GC) and “sustainable chemistry” (SC) are used interchangeably, and that even in educational environments the concept of GC has not yet penetrated sufficiently. In recent years, however, GC and SC have been actively promoted by the government, and Dr. Constable presented examples of collaborative projects with the EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) and NASA. He also reported that NGOs in the U.S. are very actively promoting the concept of GSC, and that while ACS GCI is pouring a lot of energy in to education, it has also developed close ties with the U.S. chemical industry.

The second invited lecture was delivered by Dr. Carsten Sieden of BASF. According to Dr. Sieden, as the world’s largest chemical company, with a history spanning 150 years, BASF’s economic success up to now can largely be attributed to the fact that it has diligently met its obligations of environmental protection and social responsibility. It is predicted that by 2050 the world’s population will exceed 9 billion and that environmental pollution will become severe. Over this same time frame, the importance of the chemical industry is expected to rise steadily.

BASF employs more than 10,000 researchers all over the world, to grapple with long-term research and development challenges and to solve problems in all kinds of chemical fields, always with a steady eye on the future. BASF tackles issues related to climate and the environment, food, and lifestyle improvement. Some areas of potential future growth it has identified include reducing the weight of automobiles, electric batteries, enzymes, electric power generation, and biotech. In addition, Dr. Sieden described how BASF is pursuing the development of technology to simplify manufacturing processes, utilizing biotechnology.

The third invited lecture was given by Dr. Yao Weiguang, Global Director of The Dow Chemical Company, titled “The Dow Story: Now and the Future.” In his talk, Dr. Yao explained that Dow’s strategy to shape a sustainable society is divided into three stages.

In the first phase from 1995 to 2005 the aim was to minimize the company’s footprint on a global scale, focusing on the 2005 goal of EH&S, meaning environment (E), health (H), and safety (S). The 2015 sustainable society goal is aimed at trying to actively solve the world’s social problems by offering innovative products and solutions. Now, in the third phase of the strategy, the 2025 sustainable society goal is to effectively reduce the footprint of the company further, by continuing to provide blueprints for a sustainable earth and society and creating customer value. Dr. Yao described how Dow is working to achieve this goal, confronting challenges in the fields of energy, climate change, water, food, housing, and health, by realizing a worldwide recycling-based economy, through innovations at the crossroads of chemistry, biology, physics, and other sciences, and the development of collaborative relationships.

The fourth invited lecture was delivered by Dr. Glenn Fredrickson, Executive Officer of R&D Strategy Office, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation (MCHC), who offered an explanation of his company’s “KAITEKI” concept of value. The Japanese word kaiteki, which approximately means comfort, serves as MCHC’s motto of aiming for the development of an environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable society. In his talk, Dr. Fredrickson described the properties of some of the products the company has developed based on the KAITEKI concept, including energy-related products like LED materials, carbon fiber, and organic solar batteries, and the bioplastics DurabioTM and PBS (polybutylene succinate), which are sorbitol-based polymers. He also demonstrated the diversity of these materials.

The fifth invited lecture was delivered by Professor Milton Hearn of Monash University, who discussed the importance of the GSC concept from a scientific standpoint, with reference to the synthesis of chemical, pharmaceutical, and food components. There are currently over 100,000 chemical substances in industrial use and a further 15,000 new substances are registered each year with the CAS. Many of these are derived from fossil fuels, however, which according to Professor Hearn leaves chemists with a challenge in the future. To ensure the high level of living environment conservation expected in recent years, chemists and engineers engaged in the chemical industry will need to meet increasingly stringent social and economic demands in the future. Chemistry has a major role to play in developing more efficient production methods and creating less toxic substances.

On the evening of July 6, a panel discussion was held, moderated by Professor Kazuhiro Mae of Kyoto University, and featuring a number of the plenary and invited speakers as panelists.

The panel discussion began with a debate on what sustainability really means. Professor Hearn of Monash University, who had talked earlier about establishing more efficient and less toxic methods for synthesizing chemical products from a GSC perspective, contended that sustainability means an environment in which waste that cannot be recycled no longer exists, and that this definition can serve as an indicator not just in the field of chemistry but also in many other fields. Dr. Fredrickson, the Executive Director of MCHC touched on his company’s KAITEKI concept, which he outlined in his earlier talk, describing it as “the effort to improve health, comfort, and sustainability,” adding that the world’s companies need to work together to generate innovation in application development. Professor Emeritus Misono of the University of Tokyo pointed out that given the competition that exists between petroleum and biomass in the chemistry world, it is very important to push for “Less Negative” as well as “More Positive” outcomes. In response to this, Dr. Constable, one of the plenary lecturers, stressed the reality that chemical products are currently based largely on petrochemistry, and that although there is still a lot of room for improving them in many different ways by means of GSC, consumers are generally unwilling to pay the additional cost, even for excellent GSC-based products. Similarly, Dr. Klotz, another plenary lecturer, pointed out that even materials of excellent recyclability have to demonstrate their performance when the consumer uses the product, and that sustainability must be viewed through the lens of the value chain that extends from the procurement of raw materials to final consumption, with constant links to the creation of innovations to produce products offering a competitive advantage. Finally, the moderator, Professor Mae summed up the discussion by saying that innovation in the field of chemistry is considered necessary to solve problems and that in order to shape a sustainable society, future-oriented research and development and the generation of environment-friendly innovation must be achieved through collaboration between industry, academia, and government.

On July 7, there were two invited guest speakers from user industries.

One of these, the sixth invited lecture, was delivered by Mr. Taiyo Kawai of Toyota Motor Corporation. In 2014 Toyota released its MIRAI FCV (fuel cell vehicle) in Japan. FCVs are fueled by hydrogen, which causes no environmental pollution, has an energy density greater than electric batteries, and is excellent in terms of transportation and storage. For these reasons, hydrogen is considered an important energy source for the future.

Currently, as of July 2015, the cost of an FCV is more than 7 million yen, but the price can be significantly reduced in the future. Although there were only 71 hydrogen stations across Japan as of April 2015, the number is expected to increase in the coming years and the cost of hydrogen is also expected to decrease.

The seventh invited lecture was given by Mr. David Cox, Executive Director for Asia of Veolia, the world’s largest water resource management company. According to Mr. Cox, no more than 1% of the earth’s water can be used, and this usable water is also unevenly distributed over the earth. Trends in water supply and demand are heading in exactly the opposite directions to those needed for sustainability. Consequently, the future of water is increasing stress. Three main interrelated factors―population growth, economic growth, and climate change―are driving this.

Chemical technology is indispensable for the recycling of water, and Veolia is already engaged in joint projects with major chemical companies such as Shinopec, P&G, and Dow Corning. Cooperation between the chemical industry and water industry is essential for creating a sustainable world.

On the morning of July 8, Professor Shu Kobayashi of the University of Tokyo delivered the eighth invited lecture. Professor Kobayashi is a proponent of “dream catalysts.” These catalysts have the advantages of both homogeneous catalysts, which can be used under homogeneous conditions, and heterogeneous catalysts that are used under heterogeneous conditions. They possess the properties of high reactivity, high selectivity, and asymmetric catalysis, but also the characteristics of low waste, recyclability, and industrial ease-of-use. Nanoparticle catalysts with metal ligands are a type of dream catalyst that are effective in reactions such as hydrogenation, coupling, amidation, and alcohol oxidation. Professor Kobayashi presented an example of the synthesis of multi-stage amino acid derivatives, to show that dream catalysts are also effective in flow systems.

Professor Youn-Woo Lee of Seoul National University delivered the ninth invited lecture, on the topic of supercritical utilization technology. As an example of synthesis under supercritical conditions, he explained the industrial implementation of the supercritical water oxidation of LiFePo4, a battery cathode material, and terephthalic acid waste solution, explaining that the process of commercializing this technology is well advanced. Professor Lee described a scheme in which supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) and supercritical water synthesis (SWS) occur simultaneously, with the heat generated by the exothermic SCWO reaction causing acceleration of the SWS, while the nanoparticles generated by the SWS cause acceleration of the SCWO reaction. He reported that this scheme can be effectively used for recovering metal from waste water.

The tenth and final invited lecture was given by Professor Walter Leitner of RWTH Aachen University, who discussed the significance of setting up chemical value chains that utilize CO2 as a raw material and the feasibility of this. For example, the production of polyurethane and cyclic carbonates and polycarbonates by synthesizing ethylene oxide derivatives together with CO2 is industrially implemented. Another process under consideration is the production of CH4, hydrocarbons, and methanol using solar energy for the direct hydrogenation of CO2. In addition to the synthesis of hydrogen and CO2, Professor Leitner also reported on catalysts for synthesizing various kinds of chemical compounds and offered a look at expected future developments.

The fourth plenary lecture was delivered by Mr. Akito Tani, Director-General for Technology Policy Coordination in the Bureau of Industry Science & Technology Policy & Environment at the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. As the final plenary lecturer, Mr. Tani presented a summary of the symposium’s proceedings over the four days and also expounded on future hopes for GSC, in line with the theme of “Toward New Developments in GSC.”

To begin, Mr. Tani talked about promoting effective utilization and recycling, to overcome the problems of energy supply, global warming controls, and natural resource limitations, which Japan has continued to grapple with since the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, emphasizing that the chemical industry has a very big role to play in meeting these challenges. After stressing the importance of GSC measures, he touched on Professor Emeritus Misono’s proposal of advocating “More Positive” measures focused on “the sustainable development of society” in addition to “Less Negative” measures targeted at reducing the burden on the environment, pointing out the importance of both the Tokyo Declaration made 12 years earlier and the Tokyo Declaration 2015, which was set to be announced immediately following his lecture.

Finally, Mr. Tani raised the idea of the “Medici effect,” which has been a hot topic amongst researchers interested in innovation, expressing his hope that this gathering centered on GSC will lead to further innovation. And on this note, he concluded his talk.

Poster Presentations

There were 200 registered poster presentations, but at this symposium the method of poster classification was quite different to that of previous conferences.

Firstly, the posters were classified according to the following categories of social objectives. A. Sustainability, B. Low Carbon, C. Quality of Life, D. Energy, and E. Pioneering Challenges. These categories correspond to worldwide “mega-trends”. The important categories were further divided into seven technical categories: Energy/Resources, Reactive Media, Polymers, Special Materials, Organic Synthesis, Biomass, and Catalysis. Note that E. Pioneering Challenges was not divided into any sub-categories.

Organizing these posters around these social categories and further classifying them in terms of technologies, resulted in a poster exhibition that was significantly different to those of past conferences.

The posters were posted alongside displays presenting the activities of companies and organizations, and these were placed within the exhibition venue. The “symposium tree,” symbolizing the symposium theme, “Toward New Developments in GSC,” was placed at the center of the space, with posters arranged around it and divided into the social categories—A. Sustainability, B. Low Carbon, C. Quality of Life, and D. Energy, then into technical categories. Details are given separately.

There were 81 applications for the Poster Awards, of which 10 were selected for awards based on the results of a judging process. These 10 poster presentations are shown in Table 1. Three of the 10 award winners were by companies; the other seven by universities. Also, as part of the Japan-Asia Youth Exchange Program in Science of the Japan Science and Technology Agency, 19 young Asian researchers were invited to GSC-7 on condition that they make a poster presentation. Of these, two won a poster award. These two young researchers were the only award winners from overseas.

This report offers an outline of the poster session, focused on the award winning presentations.

Raksit et al. from Chulalongkorn University (A-3-03) contributed a presentation on the copolymerization of the biodegradable polymers PLA (polylactic acid) and PBS (polybutylene succinate), showing how they managed to produce a comb-shaped high polymer. The innovation is expected to be useful in pharmaceutical and biomedical applications.

Kikushima et al. from Osaka University (A-5-07), developed a pathway for the synthesis of perfluoro butadiene with a global warming potential (GWP) close to zero, via a trifluorovinyl zinc salt, using tetrafluoroethylene as a raw material.

Fujimoto et al. from Ube Industries (A-6-09) reported a method for the synthesis of 1,5-pentanediol, using tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol extracted from inedible biomass (corn cobs). This method achieves an atom efficiency of nearly 100% without the use of solvents.

Su Yang et al. from the University of Science-Malaysia (A-6-10) researched the ground-state collapse of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), which are biodegradable polymers, investigating in particular the impact of collapse on microbiomes. The team was able to verify that PHA collapse occurs differently in different microorganism environments.

Sawa et al. from Kyushu University (A-7-08) elucidated a pathway for direct synthesis of ketimines (including triple-bond compounds) by means of catalytic asymmetric activation of alkanes. In addition, they reported achieving high yields of α-ketiminophosphonates and cyclic N-sulfonyl ketimines in the presence of rhodium acetyl complexes, with high levels of activation as a result of enantioselective reaction.

Tsuneoka et al. from JX Nippon Oil & Energy (B-4-07) reported on their creation of a device for manufacturing high-purity hydrogen for use in fuel cells, which require a hydrogen purity of 99.99%.

Yanai et al. from Kyushu University (D-1-08) presented a technology for photon upconversion, which converts low-energy light to high-energy light to enable its reutilization. The mechanism employed to achieve this, known as triplet–triplet annihilation (TTA), has drawn considerable research attention, but now Yanai et al. have managed to verify the functioning of this mechanism through an experiment in which they dissolved colored donor and acceptor molecules in an organic solvent.

Watanabe et al. from Hitachi Chemical (E-8-04) prepared a presentation on a giga-porous polymer-agarose matrix (GPAM) for refining proteins. GPAM is created by linking the hydrophobic groups within agarose into a high polymer to form a hydrophobic agarose-like structure. Using this mechanism, the team was able to create a column that enables protein refining columns to be operated at low pressure.

Yamaguchi et al. from the Tokyo University of Science (E-8-26) successfully created a highly crystalline perovskite oxide powder using the sol-gel method at 60°C or below. More specifically, the team dissolved titanium(IV) chloride in water at 4°C and then added some aqueous solution of ammonia to obtain a solid titanium oxide gel at a pH of 8.5. They then mixed this with an alkaline earth hydroxide and after storing the mixture in argon at 60°C or below, they obtained highly crystalline SrTiO3 and BaTiO3.

Tajima et al. from Yokohama National University (E-8-35) managed to produce fine hollow particles of polypyrrole, in the size range of 300 to 700 nm, from nano bubbles created using an ultrasonic stirrer. The oxidative polymerization to create the fine hollow particles was performed by ultrasonically agitating an aqueous solution of pyrrole at 20 kHz and adding an aqueous solution of FeCl3. The nano bubbles obtained with this method are on average 143 nm in size, with a zeta potential of –33.9 mV and a density of 4.6×108 mL-1, which is more than 10 times greater than previous efforts. Furthermore, the nano bubbles persisted for several weeks. This persistence of these high-density nano bubbles is considered to be the main factor in the success of this research project.

Conclusion

The symposium drew a total of 785 participants, including 65 invited guest speakers, 45 other lecturers and moderators, 67 committee members and organizers, 494 general attendees, and 114 students. In addition, there were 200 applications for the poster presentation and a total of 81 scheduled technical lectures (not including the invited lectures, but including the 20 keynote lectures), and 58 presentations on the activities of companies and organizations. In terms of participant numbers, this was the biggest ever GSC or JACI/GSC symposium. Furthermore, even excluding the plenary lectures, invited lectures, and GSC award winner’s presentations, there were 281 technical lectures and poster presentations. This number too was the biggest on record.

The 2015 JACI/GSC Symposium showed that since the 9th GSC Symposium held in 2009, which drew a little over 300 people and was affected by the recent Global Financial Crisis, there has been a steady and comprehensive increase in the scale of the event. The number of posters and presentations on the activities of companies and organizations has also risen steadily. It is fair to conclude, then, that the recognition and influence of the JACI/GSC Symposium is steadily growing.

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7th International Conference on Green and Sustainable Chemistry, GSC-7

From July 5th to 8th, 2015, the 7th International Conference on Green and Sustainable Chemistry, GSC-7, was held at the Hitotsubashi Hall, National Center of Sciences Building, Tokyo, Japan, as a joint event with the 4th JACI/GSC symposium, on the theme of “Toward New Developments in GSC”. The conference was organized by the Green & Sustainable Chemistry Network, GSCN, under the Japan Association of Chemical Innovation, JACI.

Since the first conference of GSC Tokyo 2003, Japan, was held on March, 2003, this series of International Conference on GSC were held as bi-annual conferences alternately in Aseanian Region, North America, and Europe. Following the 2nd GSC at Washington DC, USA, 2005, the 3rd at Delft, The Netherlands, 2007, the 4th at Beijing, China, 2009, the 5th at Washington DC, USA, 2011, and the 6th at Nottingham, UK, 2013, the conference came back to its birthplace, Tokyo, Japan, after 12 years.

Three concepts were proposed when the first conference of GSC was panned and conducted in 2003: Internationality, equal contribution by academia, industry and governments, and covering a very broad range of topics from basic research to real industry. The organizing committee of GSC-7 organized under the leadership of Kyohei Takahashi, the President of JACI, succeeded such three concepts. Namely, world top leaders from academia, industry and governments working in and for GSC were invited to contribute to GSC-7. Through the lectures, panel discussion and poster presentations, current framework in global cooperation was drawn and the global basis for the development of cutting edge science and technologies was strengthened. During the conference, three GSC awards presented from the Japanese Ministers, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and Ministry of Environment, and the achievements of awardees were celebrated. In addition, Asian students were financially supported to join the conference by the Japan-Asia Youth Exchange Program in Science (SAKURA Exchange Program in Science), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). Student forum was held to encourage interpersonal and intercultural exchange among young people with great success.

The most meaningful outcome of the first GSC conference was the GSC Tokyo statement, 2003[1], reported by Paul Anastas, UPA, and Shun-Ichi Murahashi, Okayama Univ. of Science, on the declaration statement which resulted from discussions at the conference. In this statement, the following sentence was found: “we recognize that it is of the utmost importance for chemistry and chemical technology to be safe, useful, and also to enjoy public trust. Moreover, respect for the environment and consideration of the limited availability of resources and energy must become integral components of the planning, development and application of chemical technologies. This is a common issue for all sciences in the modern age.”

After a decade, both circumstances surrounding chemical industry and awareness of chemical industry have fully been changed. We recognized that nowadays the concepts proposed in the GSC Tokyo statement, 2003, became common sense for all those people who are working in chemistry including industry, academia, governments and education. However, as a result of discussions made in GSC-7, we concluded to transmit the following new declaration statement as a consensus of the international advisory board and organizing committee members. The concepts of GSC has been spreading and further became important to develop solutions for global long-term issues.

Tokyo GSC Statement 2015

We, the participants of the 7th International GSC Conference Tokyo (GSC-7) and 4th JACI/GSC Symposium make the following declaration to promote “Green and Sustainable Chemistry (GSC)” as a key initiative in the ongoing efforts to achieve global sustainable development.

The global chemistry community has been addressing future-oriented research, innovation, education, and development towards environmentally-benign systems, processes, and products for the sustainable development of society.

In response to the Rio Declaration at the Earth Summit in 1992 and subsequent global Declarations, the global chemistry community has been working on challenges in a unified manner linking academia, industry, and government with a common focus to advance the adoption and uptake of Green and Sustainable Chemistry. The outcomes include the pursuance of co-existence with the global environment, the satisfaction of society’s needs, and economic rationality. These goals should be pursued with consideration for improved quality, performance, and job creation as well as health, safety, the environment across the life cycles of chemical products, their design, selection of raw materials, processing, use, recycling, and final disposal towards a Circular Economy.

Long-term global issues, in areas such as food and water security of supply, energy generation and consumption, resource efficiency, emerging markets, and technological advances and responsible industrial practices have increasingly become major and complicated societal concerns requiring serious attention and innovative solutions within a tight timeline. Therefore, expectations are growing for innovations, based on the chemical sciences and technologies, as driving forces to solve such issues and to achieve the sustainable development of society with enhanced quality of life and well-being.

These significant global issues will best be addressed through promotion of the interdisciplinary understanding of Green and Sustainable Chemistry throughout the discussion of “Toward New Developments in GSC.”

The global chemistry community will advance Green and Sustainable Chemistry through global partnership and collaboration and by bridging the boundaries that traditionally separate disciplines, academia, industries, consumers, governments, and nations.

July 8, 2015

Kyohei Takahashi on behalf of Organizing Committee

Milton Hearn AM, David Constable, Sir Martyn Poliakoff, Masahiko Matsukata

on behalf of International Advisory Board of 7th International GSC Conference Tokyo (GSC-7), Japan, July 5-8, 2015

This statement was delivered in the Closing Remarks by Hiroaki Ishizuka, Vice President of JACI.  The next international conference of GSC-8 will be held in 2017 in Australia. We hope that such basic concepts will be succeeded and further developed among all those who are concerned about GSC.

Reference

  1. In News and Views, Green Chem., 2003, 5, G74-G74.
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ISCHA3 – Christian Bruneau gives Green Chemistry sponsored lecture

Green Chemistry were pleased to sponsor a lecture given by Catalysis Science & Technology editorial board member Professor Christian Bruneau, CNRS, University of Rennes which took place at for the third edition of the International Symposium on C-H Activation (ISCHA), Montreal, Canada.  His talk was entitled “Regioselective Functionalization of Saturated Cyclic Amines Involving sp3C–H Bond Activation and Hydrogen Transfers” and you can read the abstract here.

ISCHA3 consisted of 21 keynote lectures presented by scientists working at the forefront of C-H activation. Their perspectives encompassed the fields of synthetic organic, organometallic, materials science and bioorganic chemistry and created a uniquely diverse setting in which to discuss challenges and opportunities facing the C-H functionalization community.

To complement the program, the conference organizers planned 8 sessions of invited talks (45 min) as well as 4 sessions of short oral talks (20 min) selected out of the submitted abstracts from students, postdocs and faculty members. In combination with 2 poster sessions, these oral presentations created numerous opportunities to exchange ideas, and brainstorm about future directions.

Christian Bruneau delivering his lecture at ISCHA3

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Registration Open – 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference

Regular Registration Open Until June 12
The 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference

Advancing Sustainable Solutions by Design

Register Now for the 20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference (GC&E) held June 14-16, 2016 in Portland, Oregon.

Held by the ACS Green Chemistry Institute®, this event is the premier conference on green chemistry and engineering. Hundreds of participants from industry, government, and academia come together every year to share research as well as education and business strategies to ensure a green and sustainable future.

If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us at gceconferences@acs.org or visit us at www.gcande.com.

Booth space in the Green Expo and conference sponsorships are still available for your organization! See the conference sponsorship brochure for details.

Referral Program

Compete in Our Second Round of the Referral Prize Sweepstakes!

Register now for the 20th Annual GC&E Conference! Regular Registration ends June 12! (There is a $50 increase for on-site registration).

This premier conference on green chemistry and engineering, held June 14-16, 2016, annually hosts hundreds of participants from around the world in industry, government, and academia to share research breakthroughs as well as business and education strategies to ensure a green and sustainable future.

Refer a friend/colleague to register for GC&E for a chance to win prizes up to $100 value! Learn more here.

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6th International IUPAC Conference on Green Chemistry, Venice, 4-8 Sept 2016

After Dresden, Moscow, Ottawa, Foz do Iguaçu and Durban, the International IUPAC Conference on Green Chemistry will move to Venice, Italy.

To be held in the wonderful, historic city of Venice, the conference will deliver an excellent scientific programme structured into five broad themes:
•    Green Materials: Innovative materials for sustainable construction and cultural heritage / Nanomaterials / Polymers and polymer composites
•    Green Bioprocesses: Biocatalysis and biotransformation / Biofuels / Bio-based renewable, chemical feedstocks / Bio-based materials
•    Green Energy: Energy storage to facilitate uptake of renewable energy sources / Chemistry for improved energy harvesting / Nuclear power / Pollution Prevention
•    Green industrial processes and Molecular innovation: Energy storage to facilitate uptake of renewable energy sources / Chemistry for improved energy harvesting / Nuclear power / Pollution Prevention
•    Green Policy, Sustainability and Safety: Energy storage to facilitate uptake of renewable energy sources / Chemistry for improved energy harvesting / Nuclear power / Pollution Prevention

Confirmed plenary speakers include:
•    Professor Isabel Arends, Netherlands – Enzymes as catalysts in a Bio-based Economy
•    Professor Fernando Galembeck, Brazil – Synergy in Bioenergy, Food and Materials from Biomass
•    Professor Chao-Jun Li, Canada – Exploration of New Reactivities for a Sustainable Future
•    Professor Bruno Scrosati, Italy – Next Generation Li Batteries for Renewable Energy Sources and Sustainable Road Vehicles
•    Professor Takashi Tatsumi, Japan – Advanced Zeolite Catalysts for Sustainable Production of Chemicals

Grants and Awards:
•    Grants available for young scientists from developing countries.
•    Three Poster Prizes will be assigned during the conference. The winner will be asked to present a scientific paper to be published in the dedicated Issue of Pure and Applied Chemistry
•    CHEMRAWN VII Prize for Atmospheric and Green Chemistry will be conferred during the conference

Abstract submission deadline: 12th June 2016
Early-bird registration deadline: 12th June 2016
Notification of Oral Communications: 4th July 2016
Online registration deadline: 19th August, 2016

For more information and to register, please visit the website: http://www.greeniupac2016.eu/

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Third International Symposium on C-H Activation, 30 May – 2 June 2016, Montreal, Canada

Green Chemistry are delighted to support the Third International Symposium on C-H Activation (ISCHA3), 30 May – 2 June 2016, Montreal, Canada.

The scientific program of the ISCHA3 will consist of 22 keynote lectures presented by scientists working at the forefront of C-H activation. Their perspectives will encompass the fields of synthetic organic, organometallic, materials science and bioorganic chemistry and will create a uniquely diverse setting in which to discuss challenges and opportunities facing the C-H functionalization community.

Find out more about the conference, including abstract submission and registration at the website.

Abstract submission deadline: 15 April 2016
Early bird registration deadline: 15 April 2016

Green Chemistry are pleased to sponsor Christian Bruneau’s Lecture at the meeting. Christian Bruneau (CNRS-University of Rennes, France), Associate Editor of Catalysis Science & Technology, will be presenting his talk “Regioselective Functionalization of Saturated Cyclic Amines Involving sp3C-H Bond Activation and Hydrogen Transfers”. You can find out more about Christian Bruneau’s research at his website and read some of his recent papers below.

[Cp*Ru]-catalyzed selective coupling/hydrogenation
I. Labed, A. Labed, Y. Sun, F. Jiang, M. Achard, S. Dérien, Z. Kabouche and C. Bruneau
Catal. Sci. Technol., 2015,5, 1650-1657
DOI: 10.1039/C4CY01303D, Paper

Terminal conjugated dienes via a ruthenium-catalyzed cross-metathesis/elimination sequence: application to renewable resources
Hallouma Bilel, Naceur Hamdi, Fethi Zagrouba, Cédric Fischmeister and Christian Bruneau
Catal. Sci. Technol., 2014,4, 2064-2071
DOI: 10.1039/C4CY00315B, Paper

Reactivity of C–H bonds of polychlorobenzenes for palladium-catalysed direct arylations with aryl bromides
Liqin Zhao, Tao Yan, Christian Bruneau and Henri Doucet
Catal. Sci. Technol., 2014,4, 352-360
DOI: 10.1039/C3CY00757J, Paper

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Green Solvents Conference, 16 – 19 October 2016, Kiel, Germany

Green Chemistry are pleased to support the 8th Green Solvents Conference which is due to take place on 16th October in Kiel, Germany.

Since its foundation in the year 2002, the “Green Solvents” biennial conference series has been established as a unique platform for the discussion of scientific progress and industrial implementation of advanced fluids in chemical synthesis and processes. Topics include aqueous phases, ionic liquids, supercritical fluids, green organic solvents, liquid polymers, phase-separable reagents and solvent-free processes.

The lecture programme consists of a special Sunday evening lecture, keynote lectures, invited lectures and submitted oral presentations. The poster session plays a key role for the discussion of cutting edge results in the field. Special low rates and support for young scientists and PhD students facilitates their active participation.

Invited Speakers

  • Green solvents in carbohydrate chemistry – María José Hernáiz Gómez-Dégano, Complutense University, Madrid
  • Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents: design, properties and applications – Maaike Kroon, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi/UAE; D.J.G.P. van Osch, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven/NL; L. F. Zubeir, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven; A. van den Bruinhorst, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven; M.A.A. Rocha, University of Bremen, Bremen
  • Multiphase catalysis with carbon dioxide – new process opportunities for the selective upgrading of renewable feedstocks – Ulrich Hintermair, University of Bath, Bath
  • Gamma-valerolactone as a renewable solvent for catalysis – Laszlo T. Mika, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest
  • Lewis superacids in ionic liquids – Malgorzata Swadzba-Kwasny, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast

Please note the deadline for Submission of Abstracts is 2nd May 2016.  Please see the webpage for more details.

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