Hesperidin is one of the most abundant flavonoids found in citrus fruits, in particular oranges, tangerines and lemons. Although only a moderate anti-oxidant, studies have demonstrated that hesperetin protects neural cells against oxidative damage. Previous work by the Taiwanese team has demonstrated that hesperetin acts more as a signalling modulator than an antioxidant and protects against oxidative stress via estrogen recptor (ER) and tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA) mediated actions.
In this study the team investigate the more detailed hesperetin-triggered signalling pathways revealing that the parallel pathways collaborate to induce proteins regulated by different transcriptional factors. The elucidation of this novel mechanism explains why hesperetin, although possessing relatively low antioxidant and estrogen activities, can exhibit multiple neuroprotective effects.
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Pro-cellular survival and neuroprotection of citrus flavonoid: the actions of hesperetin in PC12 cells
Sam-Long Hwang, Jer-An Lin, Ping-Hsiao Shih, Chi-Tai Yeh and Gow-Chin Yen
Food Funct., 2012, Advance Article, DOI: 10.1039/C2FO30100H
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Anti-inflammatory activity of natural dietary flavonoids, Min-Hsiung Pan, Ching-Shu Lai and Chi-Tang Ho
Food Funct., 2010,1, 15-31, DOI: 10.1039/C0FO00103A
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