Yang Shao-Horn, from MIT, and her co-workers report a novel and interesting study of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysis on epitaxial perovskite thin films of diﬀerent Mn valance states.
They were able to demonstrate conclusively that Mn3+, not Mn4+ or Mn2+, is the active species for ORR. They also revealed that the substrate can greatly alter the ORR activities of oxide films of a few nanometers in thickness by interfacial charge transfer.
Their findings are very important for the future design of nanostructured catalysts for electrochemical conversion and storage.
Alkaline fuel cells and metal–air batteries are promising carbon-neutral energy sources. However, these devices suﬀer from eﬃciency loss due to the slow ORR kinetics, and the cost of precious metal catalysts required to catalyze the ORR. LaMnO3-based oxides have previously been found to be among the most active for the ORR with activities comparable to that of Pt. However, ambiguity has existed until now as to which Mn valence state on the surface is responsible for the high ORR activity.
Read this HOT article today:
Oxygen electrocatalysis on (001)-oriented manganese perovskite films: Mn valency and charge transfer at the nanoscale
Kelsey A. Stoerzinger, Marcel Risch, Jin Suntivich, W. M. Lü, Jigang Zhou, Michael D. Biegalski, Hans M. Christen, Ariando, T. Venkatesan and Yang Shao-Horn