In this HOT article, a very careful synthetic and catalytic study of the use of di- and trisulfonated phosphines with o, m and o, m, m substitution patterns is described. Pd complexes of these were tested for copolymerizations with polar monomers. This led to a novel anionic phosphine sulphonate Pd(II)-based pre-catalyst salt for polymerisation reactions. Although, polymerisation in the presence of methyl acrylate, acrylonitrile and vinyl acetate led to reduced incorporation values compared to the available literature reports in combination with problems that are attributed to aggregation of the catalyst in most cases, the facile synthesis of chelating highly polar ligands which show high water solubility could be of significant interest for homogeneous catalysis by application in other systems.
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Synthesis of non-symmetrically sulphonated phosphine sulphonate based Pd(II) catalyst salts for olefin polymerisation reactions
Timo M. J. Anselment, Carly E. Anderson, Bernhard Rieger, M. Bele Boeddinghaus and Thomas F. Fässler
Dalton Trans., 2011, Advance Article